Standards Primer

Standards Primer

Standards Primer

Standards Primer

Synopsis

Raymond A. Horn, Jr. is an Assistant Professor of Education at Penn State, Harrisburg.

Excerpt

Media discussions about standards suggest that standards are generic in that a standard is a standard; however, even in a cursory study of educational standards, it soon becomes apparent that there are many types of standards. Standards are the basis for the validation of an individual's degree of competence in the performance of a specific activity or in a specific field or occupation. Successful performance of the standards assures us of or validates the individual's ability to provide expert performance of the standards on some level.

Assurance of the mastery of the standards is provided through the processes of credentialing, licensure, and certification. Credentialing standards tell us about an individual's qualifications in relation to the individual's knowledge and ability within a disciplinary or occupational context. Educational diplomas, grade- point average, and class rank are examples of devices that indicate the degree of individual attainment of standards. Licensure standards involve credentialing by a government entity that allows the indi-

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