The Evolution of Civil-Military Relations in East-Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union

The Evolution of Civil-Military Relations in East-Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union

The Evolution of Civil-Military Relations in East-Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union

The Evolution of Civil-Military Relations in East-Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union

Synopsis

The dismantlement of the communist system of control of the military and its replacement with a democratic model is one of the most significant aspects of the post-communist transition in East-Central Europe and the former Soviet-Union. The success of democratic civil-military reforms is an important and underappreciated measure of the state of democratic transitions in these countries, and it also has important implications for and links with regional security and NATO relations. This book examines the state of democratic civil-military reforms in nine East-Central and former Soviet states: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Russia, and Ukraine.

Excerpt

Risk-taking is a basic economic function undertaken by businesses. Traditionally viewed only in economic terms, however, there is a growing sense of awareness that transnational corporations (TNCs) are confronted with political risks; that is, they face the probability that a project or contract will be affected by changes in the political environment. the tnc is not concerned with political changes per se, but with the impact such changes might have on operations. As political events can determine the success or failure of an investment abroad, TNCs must make every effort to analyze political risks as part of the decision-making and ongoing management process.

To date, virtually all works in the emerging field of political risk analysis have focused on a specific business problem in a specific context. As such, most of the energy has been expended on the development of predictive methodologies to forecast political risk events. Little attention has been paid to the development of any basic theory for the understanding and analysis of political risks.

The purpose of this book is to begin the theoretical groundwork for understanding political risk by relating the analysis of political risk to a broader theory of interaction between host states and TNCs. Only after such an understanding is developed can there be a logical progression in the development of predictive methodologies. Using the international oil industry as the content area, a conceptual model for the analysis of political risks is developed. the hypotheses and model are presented in detail in the concluding section of the Introduction.

The premise of this analysis is that the structure of the host/TNC relationship gives rise to an inherent conflict of

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