The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: Comparative Institutional Analyses

The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: Comparative Institutional Analyses

The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: Comparative Institutional Analyses

The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: Comparative Institutional Analyses

Synopsis

The Chinese triangle of mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan constitutes one of the most dynamic regions in the world economy. Since the late 1970s, these three societies have experienced increasing economic integration; however, studies aimed at analyzing and explaining this integration have often overlooked the very important role social institutions have played in the shaping of this process. To fill this gap, this book adopts a systematic institutional approach designed to examine the different patterns of institutions in the three countries and to discuss how such social institutions as the economy, gender, social networks, and the Chinese diaspora have exerted a profound impact on all three societies.

Excerpt

The Chinese triangle of mainland China-Hong Kong-Taiwan constitutes one of the world economy's most dynamic regions. However, mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong are by no means isolated entities. Strong kinship ties link these three territories, and they share common historical, cultural, and linguistic heritages. Since the late 1970s, there has been an escalation of the mainland China-Taiwan-Hong Kong integration process in the economic sphere.

Many studies of Chinese national integration, however, have examined short-term episodes that make headlines rather than delineate the fundamental, long-term institutional transformations. in addition, the literature concentrates exclusively on either political topics such as Beijing-Taipei conflicts and Beijing-London disputes or economic topics such as types of investment. Rarely has the literature highlighted the important role of social institutions in the shaping of the integrative process in the Chinese triangle. To fill this gap in the literature, this volume examines some of the key institutions in mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong as well as their implication for the Chinese diaspora.

This introductory chapter has two aims. First, it aims to provide a historical discussion on the origins and the transformation of the Chinese triangle during the second half of the twentieth century. For readers who are not familiar with Chinese history and society, it is important to understand how the Chinese nation was divided into three separate states in the second half of the twentieth century and how such division had led to the development of different institutions in mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.

In addition, this chapter provides a brief review of the key arguments presented in this volume. It focuses on the following four themes: (1) economic transformation: four chapters examine how regional integration, Confucian

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