Regional Innovation Systems: The Role of Governance in a Globalized World

Regional Innovation Systems: The Role of Governance in a Globalized World

Regional Innovation Systems: The Role of Governance in a Globalized World

Regional Innovation Systems: The Role of Governance in a Globalized World

Synopsis

Since the first edition was published in 1998, there has been a worldwide innovation-led boom & subsequent slump. This new edition registers this change & offers an interesting test of the robustness of the original arguments.

Excerpt

This volume is the fruit of a collaborative effort of the Centre for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (CASS), University of Wales, Cardiff, and the Centre for Technology Assessment in Baden-Württemberg (CTA). In March 1995, Phil Cooke (CASS) and Gerd Schienstock (CTA, in the meantime professor at the Work Research Centre at the University of Tampere, Finland) wrote a position paper on “Regional innovation systems—designing for the future”. The authors stated:

Today, the number one factor for competitive advantage is innovation. With the changes brought about in global economic relations by the rise to prominence of the East Asian economies and the demise of Fordism as a model of industrial and wider societal regulation, new approaches to fashioning competitive advantage from innovative capacities have emerged. Amongst the most challenging of these are the efforts to forge systems of innovation in support of business competitiveness on a regional scale. These complement more established systems of innovation that operate at the national level by seeking, as appropriate and with local sensitivity, to integrate the whole industrial fabric within a given regionally administered space. Evidence of such systems began to emerge in the 1980s as a consequence of studies showing the existence of networked innovation architectures linking firms, intermediaries, research institutes, government agencies and technology bureaux, especially in regions with many small sub-contracting firms.

Inspired by this paper, the Centre for Technology Assessment in Baden-Württemberg asked experts from 15 regions all over the world to describe their regional innovation systems, and the Centre invited them to participate in an international conference on subject, which was held in Stuttgart in autumn 1995.

At the conference the authors of this volume and Professor Kuklinski (EUROREG, University of Warsaw, Poland), who could not participate in this volume because of other obligations, presented their papers giving rise to an intense discussion on the concept of a region and the institutional and sociocultural specificities of the 15 regions considered. Thanks to the invaluable comments of our three referees, Professor G. Colletis (Institut Recherche Economique Production Developpement, Grenoble, France), Professor D. Hoß (University of Lyon, France and RKW, Eschborn, Germany) and Professor F. Naschold (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin, Germany), we all experienced and enjoyed a well-structured discussion of high quality. The contributions of the invited discussants—Dr Birgit Blättel-Mink (University of Stuttgart, Germany), Professor Daniel Drache (Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies, Ontario, Canada), and Professor Gert

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