Prospects for Pastoralism in Kazakstan and Turkmenistan: From State Farms to Private Flocks

Prospects for Pastoralism in Kazakstan and Turkmenistan: From State Farms to Private Flocks

Prospects for Pastoralism in Kazakstan and Turkmenistan: From State Farms to Private Flocks

Prospects for Pastoralism in Kazakstan and Turkmenistan: From State Farms to Private Flocks

Synopsis

This collection traces how pastoralists have coped with the challenges of change in a part of the world with a long-tradition of livestock keeping. Their precarious position - balanced between a market system where only the fittest may survive, and their attempt to remain a human resource for the future development of the natural pastures and livestock industry - is carefully and critically examined by the contributors. The pastoralists' unique skills at managing livestock in a variable and challenging environment, and their ability to supply commodities much in demand mean that an understanding of their societal position is essential for anyone interested in transition in the former Soviet Union.

Excerpt

This book documents some of the impacts of transition from state to private management of livestock and pasture land in two Central Asian countries - Kazakstan and Turkmenistan. the findings are based on collaborative research between a group of natural and social scientists over a two-year period from 1997 to 1999. the authors are British, Turkmen, Kazak, American and French, representing a range of disciplines including social anthropologists, animal scientists, pasture agronomists, a veterinarian, climate ecologist and an economist. the research was funded by the Department for International Development of the British government, with the exception of research carried out by Sarah Robinson and E.J. Milner-Gulland (Chapter 7) which was funded by the intas programme under the European Union.

1 the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) supports policies, programmes and projects to promote international development. dfid provided funds for this study as part of that objective, but the views and opinions expressed are those of the authors alone.

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