Linking Expertise and Naturalistic Decision Making

Linking Expertise and Naturalistic Decision Making

Linking Expertise and Naturalistic Decision Making

Linking Expertise and Naturalistic Decision Making

Synopsis

This book contains selected papers presented at the 1998 conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM). The objectives of the conference were to: *make American researchers more aware of NDM research being conducted abroad, particularly in Europe; *connect NDM research with work in management and industry, to stretch beyond the military and paramilitary focus; and *formulate a more explicit connection between NDM and expertise. These objectives are reflected in the chapters of this volume.

Excerpt

We are pleased to say that the field of Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM) continues to grow and mature as an applied psychological science. More than a decade has gone by since the birth of this movement, and it is clear that progress has been made in many ways. There are more theoretical frameworks, and new constructs are emerging. A wider range of studies are empirical, and better methods are being designed and tested. This is not to say that we are satisfied that the field has reached a mature level of methods and models. Nonetheless, there has been movement in the right direction. We are happy to document the progress in this book.

This book contains selected papers presented at the 1998 conference on NDM, held at the Airlie Center in Warrenton, Virginia, May 29 to 31. This was the fourth and largest international NDM conference to date, with more than 180 people attending during the 3 days. The first NDM conference was held in 1989 in Dayton, Ohio (see Klein, Orasanu, Calderwood, & Zsambok, 1993). The second NDM conference was also held in Dayton, Ohio, in 1994 (see Zsambok & Klein, 1997). The third NDM conference was held in Aberdeen, Scotland in 1996 (see Flin et al., 1997). By the time this book is printed, the fifth NDM conference will have been held in Stockholm (May, 2000).

There are additional forums where the NDM community continues to meet to exchange ideas and debate its principles. For example, a significant group of researchers meet every year as one of the technical groups (Cognitive Engineering and Decision-Making) of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. This technical group keeps growing and is very active in the Society's activities. It has sponsored a special issue of the Human Factors journal on decision making in complex environments (see Cannon-Bowers, Salas, & Pruitt 1996).

We would like to acknowledge the sponsors of the fourth NDM conference: The Federal Aviation Administration, The Naval Air Warfare Center Training . . .

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