Who's Who in Twentieth Century Warfare

Who's Who in Twentieth Century Warfare

Who's Who in Twentieth Century Warfare

Who's Who in Twentieth Century Warfare


This authoritative biographical guide to warfare in the twentieth century is at once fascinating reading and an invaluable work of reference for anyone interested in modern military history. As well as the First and Second World Wars, this Who's Who takes in key figures from conflicts in Vietnam, Korea and others. Those whose lives and careers are covered here include not only major military leaders, but also politicians, inventors and other key public figures central to the course of twentieth-century military history. From Che Guevara to Mao Zhedong, from Albert Speer to Norman Schwarzkopf, and from Josef Stalin to Charles de Gaulle - this volume's breadth of coverage makes it a unique and indispensable guide to an important and absorbing element of modern history.


This book provides brief biographical sketches on more than 1,000 individuals who were important in twentieth-century military history. My criterion was that the person should have played a key role in twentieth-century warfare, even if only at the beginning of the century. I could not include everything about a particular individual, but I have tried to list schooling, major commands and battles, and selected promotions. Book size has necessitated that most of these be limited to 250 words or less. I hope that the entries provide sufficient information so that the book may serve as a useful reference source both for scholars and for those merely interested in twentieth-century warfare.

I have included those political leaders who, in my judgment, have had a major impact on military policy. Some choices were quite easy, such as Winston Churchill and Adolf Hitler. I have also endeavored to include principal army and air force generals and navy admirals, as well as those commanders or individuals who are worthy of note. For that reason I have included inventors such as J.W. Christie, John Garand, and Andrei Tupolev. I have also tried to include individuals who did not have a wide military impact but are identified by individual accomplishments, such as U.S. Army Sergeant Alvin York in World War I, or Russian pilot and leading woman ace Lilly Litvak and plastic surgeon Dr. Archibald McIndoe in World War II. I believe there are many entries here that are not found in other such reference works.

To save space I have incorporated some abbreviations, a listing of which is to be found at the end of the book. Chief among these are AEF (American Expeditionary Force), BEF (British Expeditionary Force), CofS (chief of staff), CinC (commander-in-chief), and CG (commanding General). I have tried to hold such abbreviations to a minimum.

I am grateful to the Virginia Military Institute for a discretionary fund that has allowed me to employ cadet assistants to help with vexing research questions, and I am appreciative of the work of Cadets Richard Donohue, Jr. and Alexander Haseley, and former Cadet, now U.S. Army 2nd Lieutenant, Colin Mahle-fine students and efficient workers all. I am also grateful to these colleagues who helped me with some aspect of the manuscript: Lt. Col. John R. Angolia, USA

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