Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, Afghanistan and Beyond

Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, Afghanistan and Beyond

Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, Afghanistan and Beyond

Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, Afghanistan and Beyond

Synopsis

The terrorist attacks of September 11th and more recent atrocities in Russia, Indonesia and Kenya have demonstrated that terrorism now poses the most dangerous threat to stability, democracy and prosperity around the world. This major new book examines how the world has reacted to, and been affected by, the attacks on September 11th, ensuing war in Afghanistan and President George W. Bush's declaration of a 'war on terror' as the 'first war of the 21st century'. The contributions by distinguished specialists in the field examine the domestic implications of terrorism and counter terrorist initiatives across the world. Few books can boast the quality and range of the contributions to this volume, which locate the war on terror in a truly global and intellectual context.

Excerpt

After the events of September 11 2001, a stunned US President George W. Bush declared that 'night fell on a different world.' There was indeed horror around much of the globe that a new and insidious precedent had been set for terror against states, making everyone vulnerable.

Quite how that different world was perceived, however, like the world before it, varied across and within states, notwithstanding similarities in interpretation. For some it was just the old world continued. What vulnerability meant to leaders and to citizens also showed variation ranging from US fears of further attacks, to Russian concerns about remaining marginalized on the world stage, to African anxieties about the reduced priority in the developed world to tackling AIDS or financing projects in less developed nations. By contrast, the vulnerabilities of Afghan refugees revolved around the daily basics of the human condition – obtaining food, shelter and security.

The main aims of this book, like those of Kosovo: Perceptions of War and its Aftermath, are: first, to discuss the reactions of leaders, political parties and public opinion in different states of the world to the events of September 11, to war in Afghanistan and to threatened war against what US leaders have branded 'rogue states' in order to assess similarities and differences; and second, to explore broader issues of terrorism, war, peace, alliances, international organization, world economy, the plight of refugees and international relations theory.

The states selected for discussion include those central to the action in the war against terrorism but in different parts of the world and in different ways, namely the USA, Britain, France, Pakistan, Russia, the Central Asian states and Canada. Inclusion of Germany and Italy also highlights contrasts in linkages between domestic and foreign policy in two member states of the European Union (EU) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Both are committed to the war against terrorism, but Silvio Berlusconi's right-wing coalition government – Italy's most Euro-skeptic in the postwar period – exhibited inertia and confusion over Italy's role and public opinion was reluctant to commit troops, while Germany, after swiftly endorsing action against terrorism and redefining its own security policy, spearheaded a call for European multilateralism in the face of US unilateralism.

The situation in the Middle East is more complicated since it is the locus of the . . .

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