Discourse and Discrimination: Rhetorics of Racism and Antisemitism

Discourse and Discrimination: Rhetorics of Racism and Antisemitism

Discourse and Discrimination: Rhetorics of Racism and Antisemitism

Discourse and Discrimination: Rhetorics of Racism and Antisemitism

Synopsis

Discourse and Discrimination is a study of how racism, antisemitism and ethnicism are reflected in discourse. The authors first survey five established discourse analysis approaches before providing their own model and three case-studies. Drawing on a wide range of sources, they question why racism and anti-Semitism are still virulent worldwide.

Excerpt

With the present book, the authors pursue at least six objectives, which are all closely interrelated. First, we aim at a critical approach to the phenomenon of social discrimination, especially of racism, antisemitism and ethnicism from a discourse-analytical point of view. As it is one of our key assumptions that racism, ethnicism and antisemitism are - to a large extent - produced and reproduced discursively, the discourse-analytical approach is very rewarding when dealing with these forms of social discrimination. Second, we give a critical overview of the concepts of 'race' and 'racism' and critically discuss their culture and language dependence, which is often neglected and can therefore lead to misunderstandings in inter- and cross-cultural communication. Third, we seek to provide a critical synopsis of various scientific explanations that point to economical, social, political, cultural, social psychological and cognitive roots of racist, antisemitic and ethnicist prejudices. Fourth, we offer an introduction to five important discourse-analytical approaches to racism, antisemitism and ethnicism, thereby proposing possible methods of linguistic analysis that per mit the identification of manifest and latent discriminatory meanings of texts and discourses. Fifth, we present three illustrative case studies of so-called 'everyday antisemitism', political 'xenophobia' and 'institutional racism', which should facilitate understanding of how concrete discourse analysis works with authentic discursive data. Although the data stem from the Austrian context, we believe that the theoretical and methodical approach will also be fruitfully applicable to the discourse-analytical investigation of other parts of the world. Finally, we make a tentative proposal for a promising model of critical discourse analysis that works within the political framework of deliberative democracy and illustrates how deliberative democracy should facilitate successful engagement in anti-discriminatory, anti-racist politics and policy-making.

In contrast to many of the books concerned with topics similar to those treated in our book, we endeavour to offer an approach that is theoretically clear and encompassing, conceptually rigorous, thematically broad, methodically and analytically relatively stringent, and empirically comparatively rich.

In view of our triangulatory and crossdisciplinary perspective, we hope that our readership will be as crossdisciplinary as the book itself. Apart from linguists, and in particular text and discourse analysts interested in the topic of social . . .

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