Comparative Public Administration

Comparative Public Administration

Comparative Public Administration

Comparative Public Administration

Synopsis

This accessible introduction to the system of public administrationnbsp;uses a clear, country by country analysis and includes new public management approaches. Including often neglected areas such as the European Union; Japan; Britain; France; Germany; The Republic of Ireland; Italy, Sweden and the United States, this student-friendly volume is a highly valuable resource for students of Politics and Administration at all levels.

Excerpt

This study is primarily intended to provide an introduction to the system of public administration and management in a number of important liberal democracies. Each chapter is written so as to be accessible to any intelligent student of politics, public administration and public policy whether studying at degree level or in the sixth form, or for anyone interested in politics and administration with no pressures of examinations and essays to dog their studies. The book is also concerned to demonstrate the importance of the public sector to effective government and management in democratic systems, and the extent to which these systems may be merging in their structure and processes through the process of globalisation.

Many political studies emphasise the changing ideological basis of politics in liberal democracies and have much to say on the intricacies of the party system but often overlook the substantial importance of the administrative systems of such countries. Politicians in charge of governments may change radically, reflecting shifts in public opinion, but in general, they must exert their power through the medium of established central and local bureaucracies whose values, traditions and methods of operation will not be so subject to change, despite the vagaries of public opinion. In some regimes, as we will see in this study, politicians have some capacity to restructure the bureaucracies of their countries but are rarely able to exert complete control, whilst in other countries the established systems for public administration have been relatively impervious to political control. This study, therefore, aims to provide students with an introduction to systems of public administration and their role within the wider political systems and democratic framework within their states.

It is, however, recognised that systems of public administration are not static phenomena; even when isolated from immediate party political pressure they will evolve to reflect the social and economic pressures placed on a particular nation. In recent decades these have included strong pressures in many regimes that the public sector administrators adopt more competitive business like policies that are said to typify the private sector. Arguably, even more insidious are the pressures created by globalisation which some

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