Transport Planning

Transport Planning

Transport Planning

Transport Planning

Synopsis

Transport is central to many of the current planning and policy debates. Completely revised and restructured, the new edition of Transport Planning describes the evolution of transport policies and planning, linking the past with the contemporary and future debates. It is divided into two main parts. A Retrospective Analysis describes the recent past and how the current situation in research and practice on transport planning has developed. Evidence is taken from Great Britain and the United States, illustrating the similarities in thinking across transport, planning and evaluation. There is a review of the radical policy alternative presented by the market approach to transport provision, and a complementary new chapter on events since 1997, with the difficulties of finding the means to introduce the social market. The first part ends with a discussion on the limitations of transport planning in terms of both its theoretical foundations and of the approaches currently being used. The second part of the book begins with a Comparative Analysis of experience in three European countries (Germany, France and the Netherlands) and the United States. It covers both transport planning and evaluation, where difference approaches have been developed in response to national policy issues and the different cultural and analytical traditions. This experience provides a useful context for interpreting the new agenda in the UK. This is followed by a Prospective Analysis of the key issues facing transport planners in the twenty-first century, including the need to replace existing infrastructure, to build new infrastructure, and to ensure the optimal use of existing infrastructure. All these issues will necessitate different analytical approaches, particularly where new forms of financing are required and as the new political relationships between the state and market are stabilised. Some form of strategic vision is required together with a planning framework within which the market can operate.

Excerpt

The dominant economic fact of our age is the development not of manufacturing but of the transport industries. It is these which are growing most rapidly in volume and in individual power. (Alfred Marshall, 1890)

One of the most frequent questions raised by my students has been what book would I recommend. My answer over the last 10 years has been consistent, namely that I cannot recommend one book. Several books are useful, but none seems to present a well argued analysis of how transport planning evolved, what are its strengths and weaknesses, what it has achieved, how it relates to actual policy decisions, and where it is likely to go in the future. In this revised edition of Transport Planning, I have attempted to address all these issues and so to fill this gap in the literature.

However, the book does not attempt to cover all aspects of transport planning, but concentrates on the processes by which analysis links with policy and the changes which have taken place over the recent past. Most emphasis is placed on passenger transport (public and private) and on landbased modes. Although the context taken and the perspective given is from Great Britain, extensive coverage is presented of experience in Europe, the United States and elsewhere to establish whether lessons can be learnt. The importance of the issues raised by transport planning is not restricted to one country, or to one policy-making context, or to one analytical approach. Cross cultural analysis allows very different attitudes and perspectives to be brought together on common problems, and increasingly solutions are seen as being international, with analysis tools also being transferable between countries and cities. Attention is also given to the new transport technologies, the environment, and important policy issues such as market and planning failures. Case study material is taken from all scales, from the local to the citywide, from regional to national, and from one country to another.

The book is divided into in two main parts. The first is a Retrospective Analysis of the development of transport planning as an important and legitimate area of research and practice, together with its rejection and re-emergence. Experience here is taken from Great Britain and the United States, and direct parallels are drawn with the similar developments in planning analysis. Links are also drawn with evaluation methods in transport and planning, and the instrumental role which they often played in several of the

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