Globalization, Employment, and the Workplace: Diverse Impacts

Globalization, Employment, and the Workplace: Diverse Impacts

Globalization, Employment, and the Workplace: Diverse Impacts

Globalization, Employment, and the Workplace: Diverse Impacts

Synopsis

This text provides evidence of the nature and degree of significance that globalisation holds for nation states, cultures, trade unions, employees and business management.

Excerpt

The nature of globalization and its influence on work, employment, the labour process and the management process forms the substance of this book. Authors from several nations and with varying perspectives approach globalization from different angles to provide evidence of the reality, character and the degree of significance globalization holds for nation-states, cultures, trade unions, employees and business management. Perhaps the greatest importance of these contributions derives from the focus they give to the varied and complex nature of internationalization in the business world, thus helping to fill gaps caused by the relatively little that is known about the problematic and unmeasured outcomes resulting from globalization.

In more detail the issues covered include the responses made by trade unions and their members to the new pressures exerted by globalization, particularly on working conditions and membership levels, in the national contexts of Australia, South Africa and the UK and in the airlines and iron and steel industry. The experiences and reactions of some nation-states and geographical regions to the changes brought about in the areas of business performance and employment are covered in the contexts of Europe, Latin America and China and reveal the difficulties involved in achieving the realization of business goals and forecasts. The flows of cultural influences through transnational business developments are analysed in terms of reverse diffusion in employment practices and the management of cultural diversity: additionally, the influence of internationalization on the structure of 'global' distance learning exercises lends reinforcement to the argument that cultural diversity requires management of 'connectedness' to ensure that diverse expectations are met. Finally, we may note that globalization presents as much in the form of new opportunities and challenges as it does in the form of problems, yet evidence in this work points out how management often fail to grasp the new opportunities and benefits because of their lack of precision in adapting practices which could ensure the efficiencies often demanded by the process of globalization.

What is perhaps ultimately revealing in all this work is the picture of a lack of cohesion which appears to characterize the internationalization of business and its influences, coupled with a lack of strategic focus and the presence of reactive behaviour. To understand globalization therefore requires analysis and debate in multiple areas and a comprehension of actions and reactions and this book adds to

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