China and the Long March to Global Trade: The Accession of China to the World Trade Organization

China and the Long March to Global Trade: The Accession of China to the World Trade Organization

China and the Long March to Global Trade: The Accession of China to the World Trade Organization

China and the Long March to Global Trade: The Accession of China to the World Trade Organization

Synopsis

On the 11th of December 2001 China joined the World Trade Organization. These essays examine the prolonged negotiations that took place before China was admitted to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and its successor, the World Trade Organisation.

Excerpt

The chapters in China and the Long March to Global Trade: The Accession of China to the World Trade Organization (Long March) are primarily intended to introduce the Chinese accession process to those with little prior knowledge of how accession occurs at the World Trade Organization (WTO) and how this accession proceeds. The book is designed, however, for those who have deep interests in both China and the WTO. The contributions are essentially non-technical but do present a mixture of methodological approaches.

Although the chapters can be read in any order, they are grouped in four parts, which reflect some of the more common organizing principles that characterized the accession process. The volume begins with a general introduction and ends with a general conclusion, both of which highlight the cross-cutting issues raised in many of the contributions. The chapters were edited to eliminate extraneous or dated information, but in some cases we thought it best to keep certain time-sensitive information in, if only to see how the issues were viewed at the time of the negotiations.

Most of the chapters in the Long March were produced as part of a larger project, housed at the Centre for International Studies at the University of Toronto. Many of the papers were presented at seminars held by the China/WTO Accession Project (Project), which was chaired by Dr. Sylvia Ostry; it was her original idea to create the Project, an informal grouping of trade and China experts from across the globe in hopes of assisting the formal negotiation process. Dr. Alan S. Alexandroff became the Director and Rafael Gomez soon joined the Project as its only researcher. These Project seminars commenced in November 1996 and continued on into 2000, meeting in a variety of settings including: Geneva, Switzerland, Tokyo, Japan, Toronto, Canada and Washington, DC in the United States. Many of the chapters that appear in this volume in somewhat altered form were originally commissioned for a particular seminar.

The Long March then is in large part a product of the earlier Accession Project. As such we must give thanks to the funders of the Project: without them this book would never have been possible. A number of private firms gave generously for three successive years to ensure that the Project had sufficient resources. They include the Bank of Montreal (especially Neil Tate), Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, AECL (especially R. Allen Kilpatrick), and Manulife, as it then was known

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