The Fascist Experience in Italy

The Fascist Experience in Italy

The Fascist Experience in Italy

The Fascist Experience in Italy

Synopsis

This source book examines the development of Italian Fascism, and surveys the themes and issues of the movement. It spans from the emergence of the united Italian state in the nineteenth century, to the post-war aftermath of fascism. It provides:* analysis of propaganda and Mussolini's journalism* new documentary material, previously unavailable in English* an extensive range of other source material, including images* thematic coverage of major topics such as the transformation of agrarian and urban society* analysis of the political, social, and economic status of Italy* the legacy of fascism in modern Italy.John Pollard also includes extensive notes on sources as well as a glossary and guide to further reading.

Excerpt

In the last twenty to thirty years there has been an enormous increase in the output of historical studies of Italian Fascism both in Italy and elsewhere. British and American historians have made a very substantial contribution to this output, particularly in the field of Fascist foreign policy, and have produced some of the best short but comprehensive histories, most notably those by Cassels and De Grand, and more recently by Morgan and Whittam. This latest volume has a rather different purpose from the others. It does not seek to offer a radically new interpretation of Italian Fascism, though it does note the important insights of recent works. Rather, it seeks to provide sixth-form and undergraduate students of history and languages with an introduction to the study of Italian Fascism: its long-term origins in the history of Liberal Italy, its development as a political movement, its rise to power and its characteristic policies as a regime. It analyses the decline and collapse of the regime and its brief, tragic reincarnation as the 'Italian Social Republic'. After an examination of Fascist ideology, it considers the consequences of the experience of Italian Fascism for an Italy which is still living with parts of its legacy today.

It also provides students with a representative selection of source materials-including maps, statistics and photographs-to illustrate the key issues. These sources supplement written documents which include items long available in English and a significant number of newly translated ones. (Unless otherwise stated, I have translated all new documents which come from Italian sources.) These source materials are, generally speaking, intended to be integral parts of the text.

The structure of the volume is deliberately neither wholly chronological nor wholly thematic, though themes are dealt with in broadly chronological order. It is my experience that economic and foreign policy, and the ideology of Fascism, are best studied separately from the broad chronological account of the movement and the regime. Where appropriate, developments in Italy are related to their European context and an account of major historiographical developments and debates is provided. In addition, full bibliographies of published documents and secondary sources in English, with a representative sample of works in Italian for language students, and audio-visual material, are appended to assist students pursuing further, in-depth studies, as well as non-specialist teachers constructing reading lists.

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