Environmental Values in a Globalising World: Nature, Justice, and Governance

Environmental Values in a Globalising World: Nature, Justice, and Governance

Environmental Values in a Globalising World: Nature, Justice, and Governance

Environmental Values in a Globalising World: Nature, Justice, and Governance

Synopsis

This multidisciplinary volume presents a refreshing new approach to environmental values in the global age. it investigates the challenges that globalization poses to traditional environmental values in general as well as in politics and international governance. Divided into five parts, the book investigates how environmental values could be reconceived in a globalizing world. Part I explores contemporary environmental values and their implications for a globalizing world. Part II examines the development of Western and Eastern environmental values Part III discusses contemporary environmental politics Part IV examines how values inform environmental governance and how governance solutions influence which values are realised Part V concludes the volume with two different views of the prospects of environmental values in a globalising world. This study will be of great interest to students and researchers studying the environment in philosophy, political science, international relations, international environment law, environmental studies and development studies.

Excerpt

I am delighted to congratulate the editors of this volume on bringing together a significant contribution to the 'Challenges of Globalisation' series. They and the contributors have laboured long and hard to produce this set of related essays. We all met together for an intensive two-day workshop held in Mansfield College, Oxford to share and hone our own ideas in developing this book. That workshop was thoroughly stimulating and deeply thought-provoking. We hope that the book that has been born of those discussions is similarly stimulating and thought-provoking.

The editors have done a splendid job of indicating the themes and structure of the book in their introduction, I will merely seek to provide some context.

Since the Second World War, the United Nations and other institutions have sought to encourage both the spread of sovereignty and the recognition of universal values (especially human rights) by all sovereign states. This could be dubbed the 'UN project' - every people a sovereign state, every sovereign state a respecter of human rights.

However, a range of recent trends, which are popularly labelled 'globalisation', have rocked the assumption that a world of strong sovereign states was the natural condition to which human societies were evolving. Rather than a process in which distinct geographic areas were politically crystallised as states, the last 300 years could now be interpreted as a relatively brief interlude in the development of political communities and political institutions. Sovereign states are not the end point of constitutional development but a mere transitory phase.

The political and economic forces collectively called 'globalisation' have undermined the assumption of the strong state as the context for political debate about the balancing and realising of liberal democratic values. Both detractors and supporters of globalisation have queried the continuing relevance of state-based theory and values. Liberal democratic values were formed in and for strong sovereign states. Citizenship, rights, democracy, welfare and community have clear reference to sovereign states but seem to lack apparent application in a larger, more diffuse, global world. The institutions which promote, sustain and

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