Islamic Fundamentalism since 1945

Islamic Fundamentalism since 1945

Islamic Fundamentalism since 1945

Islamic Fundamentalism since 1945

Synopsis

Here, Beverly Milton-Edwards analyzes the roots and emergence of these new Islamic movements and the main thinkers that inspired them.Providing a much-needed historical overview, the main facets of Islamic fundamentalism are put in a global context, with a thematic debate of issues such as:* the effects of colonialism on Islam* secularism and the Islamic reaction* Islam and violence* globalization and transnational Islamic movements* Islam in the wake of 9/11.For students and anyone interested in the history, effects and consequences of these Islamic movements, Islamic Fundamentalism since 1945 will be the book to buy.

Excerpt

In the first decade of the twenty-first century one significant issue that has featured in global politics, discourse and international relations is the phenomenon of Islamic fundamentalism and the characterisation of the phenomenon as militant and radical. Contemporary accounts of the phenomenon, however, often overlook and pay little attention to the political history of Islamic fundamentalism. Such accounts are concerned with the 'here and now' threat that Islamic fundamentalism is understood as posing to particular conceptions of political and economic order. There is a concern to equip policy-makers with the ways and means to combat Islamic fundamentalists and their supporters. Much analysis simply contends that to look at the historical contexts in which this phenomenon is manifest is a diversion and irrelevance in terms of determining a response to the terrorism that the Islamic fundamentalists have wrought on modern Western societies. Yet contemporary history is important to an understanding of this very modern phenomenon. It is important because it alerts us to the changes and upheavals apparent in so many of the societies that Muslims inhabit and its should alert us to the powerful myths that leaders construct around these experiences as a way of mobilising for change; to break with the past and take control of the future. This book sets out to address this debate by examining a number of issues that account for and explain the present-day phenomenon of Islamic fundamentalism.

Rather than being geographically specific and focusing on the regional heartland of Islam - the Middle East - the focus of this book is the whole of the Muslim world, or rather those countries where the majority of the population are Muslim. Suffice to say that since the Second World War citizens in the majority of these countries have been subject to a range of forces: foreign rule and occupation, movements for independence, rising nationalism and secularism, growing Islamist movements, reform, revolution and repression.

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