Australia: Nation, Belonging, and Globalization

Australia: Nation, Belonging, and Globalization

Australia: Nation, Belonging, and Globalization

Australia: Nation, Belonging, and Globalization

Synopsis

Anthony Moran traces the development of contemporary Australian society in the global age, focusing on four major themes: settler/indigenous relations; economics and culture since the 1980s and their impact on national identity; the effects of increasing diversity fostered by globalization; and the transformation of Australian social space wrought by globalization.

Excerpt

Australia is a nation born of globalization, a fragment of an empire in the New World. A largely immigrant country of approximately 20 million divided federally into six states and two territories, it is united under a national government based on British and American constitutional and parliamentary principles and traditions. It is the first and only nation spanning an entire continent, some 7,692,000 km , 70 percent of it semi-arid to arid land (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2003). Its carriage first hitched to Britain from which it was born, and now to the United States, the New World nation it once hoped to emulate; Australia nervously watches its region, and the rest of the world, as it attempts to charter its way through the second century of its existence as a nation.

How far back should we go when we start talking about globalization? Does it date from the Roman Empire and the trading and cultural links that it created? Does it begin around 1500 when Europeans first colonized other parts of the world, far beyond European frontiers? Does it begin in the twentieth century with the explosion of technological means of transport and communication? Was the world more global during the period of high imperialism? I cannot pretend to answer these larger questions in this book. In any case, they have been comprehensively addressed elsewhere. Held et al. (1999) view globalization as a series of waves of activity: different historical periods have witnessed more globalization in some

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