Transport and Urban Development

Transport and Urban Development

Transport and Urban Development

Transport and Urban Development

Synopsis

The editor and his contributors take an international perspective on the links between land use, development and transport and present the latest thinking, the theory and practice of these links. Authors from six countries - all experts in this area - have been commissioned to write chapters on the theoretical debates and more practical issues, via the use of detailed case studies.

Excerpt

Transport has a major impact on the spatial and economic development of cities and regions. The attractiveness of particular locations depends in part on the relative accessibility, and this in turn depends on the quality and quantity of the transport infrastructure. At a general level, it seems that these links are well established, but as this book argues, the methods we have available for the analysis of the links between transport and urban development are not adequate, particularly in the context of the changing nature of cities and the globalization of the world economy. It is some 40 years since Mitchell and Rapkin published their seminal study, Urban Traffic-A Function of Land Use (Mitchell and Rapkin, 1954) where the links between land use and transport were first analysed in depth. Here it was argued that if activities associated with particular land uses could be measured, then quantitative estimates of the levels of traffic associated with those land uses could be made. The levels of traffic in the urban area were directly related to the land uses.

However, the continuation of a 40-year debate is not in itself a reason for a book. At present there is a set of important conceptual, theoretical, analytical and empirical issues which need to be addressed as there is intense discussion and controversy in the field. The new debate is also international in its scope, and the primary purpose of this book is to pool the best available knowledge from the United States and Europe so that the agenda for the end of the millennium can be established. This intro ductory chapter presents some of the key issues in transport and urban development and acts as a context within which the contributions in the rest of the book should be placed. Its second purpose is to introduce the reader to the structure of the book and to give some flavour of the arguments and evidence presented.

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