The Rise and Fall of Fu Ren University, Beijing: Catholic Higher Education in China

The Rise and Fall of Fu Ren University, Beijing: Catholic Higher Education in China

The Rise and Fall of Fu Ren University, Beijing: Catholic Higher Education in China

The Rise and Fall of Fu Ren University, Beijing: Catholic Higher Education in China

Synopsis

This new book tells the story of the rise and fall of Fu Ren University (1925-1952) and provides an analysis of a key Catholic higher education institution in China.

Excerpt

This book intends to be a thorough study of the rise and fall of Fu Ren University in Beijing , and provides a description of a key Catholic higher education institution in China. Established in 1925 and closing in 1952, Fu Ren University only existed for 27 years. It was the youngest among all private higher education institutions in Beijing and was the first university in the nation to be taken over by the Chinese Communist Party in 1950. Unlike any other Christian college or university that was initiated and established by missionaries, Fu Ren University in Beijing was started by two prominent Chinese Catholic scholars, Vincent Ying Lian-zhi and Ma Xiang-bo. Knowing the political and cultural needs of China, they felt the Catholic Church needed to have a good Catholic university in Beijing. They were motivated, first of all, by the fierce attacks on the traditional Chinese culture from progressive scholars; secondly, by the aggressiveness of the Protestant missionaries in China who attracted many intellectuals. They wrote a joint petition Letter to Pope Pius X in 1912 to ask the Pope to establish a Catholic University in Beijing to introduce Western Science and to revitalize Chinese culture. Because of many reasons, their petition to establish such a university was delayed for some years. In 1925, however, Fu Ren University was finally established in Beijing. The pioneers were the American Cassinese-Benedictine monks from Latrobe, Pennsylvania. At the invitation of the Pope, they came to establish and to staff the university with Vincent Ying as the first dean.

It is to be noted that Fu Ren University was first established only for Chinese young men with an emphasis on Chinese culture. Later as the political and cultural situation changed in Beijing, the university expanded and a separate Women's College at Fu Ren was established. Fu Ren University did not become a co-educational institution as many public universities did in Beijing.

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.