The Dent Atlas of the Holocaust

The Dent Atlas of the Holocaust

The Dent Atlas of the Holocaust

The Dent Atlas of the Holocaust

Synopsis

The harrowing history of the Nazi attempt to annihilate the Jews of Europe during the Second World War is illustrated in this series of 320 highly detailed maps. This atlas traces each phase of the Holocaust, beginning with the anti-Semitic violence of prewar Germany and leading to the German conquest of countries in which the Jews had lived for centuries. Presented in chronological order, the maps document in compelling detail the story of the Holocaust, from the spread of the early random killings of Jews and their systematic mass expulsion from thousands of towns and villages to the establishment of ghettos and the setting up of the death camps. Also shown on the maps are more than two hundred acts of resistance and revolt, as well as areas of Jewish partisan activity and other avenues of escape and rescue.

Excerpt

The map below shows the birthplaces, places of work, and places of execution of 17 Jews who were murdered during the war years. The text which follows on this page tells, briefly, something of their personal stories. If a similarly short reference were made to each Jew murdered between 1939 and 1945, 353,000 such maps would be needed. To draw these maps at the author's and cartographer's fastest rate of a map a day, would take more than 967 years.

Among the 17 people whom I have chosen for this map is the historian, Simon Dubnow, who had taught at Vilna, Kovno and Berlin, and who was murdered in Riga on 8 December 1941, at the age of 81. Among other Jewish historians murdered by the Nazis was Emanuel Ringelblum, born in Buczacz, who survived the Warsaw ghetto revolt, but was later caught by the Gestapo and murdered, at the age of 44, together with his wife and children (page 179).

Many thousands of doctors, medical men and scientists were also killed, among them the pharmacologist Emil Starckenstein, born in the Bohemian town of Pobezovice, who

Map 2

had made major contributions to preventive medicine, first as a Professor at Prague, and after 1938, as a refugee in Amsterdam. In 1941, at the age of 58, he was deported to Mauthausen and killed (page 79).

Charlotte Salomon was a painter. Born in Berlin, she had fled to France in 1939, at the age of 22. Later she was deported to Auschwitz and gassed. One of her paintings bore the caption: 'I cannot bear this life, I cannot bear these times.' Rudolf Levy, also a painter, was born in Stettin in 1875, and worked with Matisse. In the First World War, as a German soldier, he won the Iron Cross. Fleeing from Berlin to Paris in 1933, from Paris to Florence in 1940, he was deported from Italy to Au, schwitz in 1943. That same year, the Munich-born painter Hermann Lismann, who had studied in Lausanne and Rome, was deported from France to Majdanek (page 155).

Harry Baur, a Marseilles dock worker who became known throughout France as 'the king of character actors', died in Berlin in 1943, after being tortured by the Gestapo. A fellow French Jew, René Blum, successor to Diaghilev as director of the Monte Carlo ballet, perished at Auschwitz in 1944.

Many poets were also murdered, among them Mordechai Gebirtig, killed in Cracow (page 104), Samuel Jacob Imber, deported to Belzec (page 132), Yitzhak Katznelson, killed at Auschwitz with one of his sons (page 183), and Miklos Radnoti, a 35-year-old Hungarian who, after more than three years in different slave labour camps, died in October 1944 on a death march from Bor in Yugoslavia to Györ in Hungary (page 206).

Among the hundreds of thousands of teenagers killed was the 15-year-old Yitskhok Rudashevski, who recorded in his diary the day-to-day life and moods of the Vilna ghetto (page 156), and Judit Sandor, from Budapest, who survived both the death camps and the war itself, but was too weak to survive the peace, and died at Karlstad, in Sweden, in September 1945, shortly after her seventeenth birthday (page 236).

Janusz Korczak, writer of children's stories, educator and social worker, was murdered at Treblinka with all 200 children from his Warsaw orphanage. He had insisted on acompanying them to the death camp. Alice Salomon, director of the children's home at La Rose, near Marseilles, also voluntarily joined her children, when they were deported to Auschwitz (page 155).

In all, more than a million Jewish children

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