Fitting the Task to the Human: A Textbook of Occupational Ergonomics

Fitting the Task to the Human: A Textbook of Occupational Ergonomics

Fitting the Task to the Human: A Textbook of Occupational Ergonomics

Fitting the Task to the Human: A Textbook of Occupational Ergonomics

Synopsis

Our working conditions have undergone rapid and fundamental changes during the last few years. One example is the widespread use of the individual computer in the shop, office and home. Another major development is that women now hold many jobs that used to be in the male domain, and that many more women choose a life-long occupational career. Many office and industrial workers are tied into human-machine systems. Repetitive work can create cumulative health problems such as the often-reported visual strains, mental stress and physical injury. Proper ergonomic measures can avoid such harmful effects and instead promote healthy conditions that are both efficient and agreeable. In this new edition of Fitting the task tonbsp;the Man, Professor Karl Kroemer has revised and updated the text and data while remaining true to the spirit of Professor Grandjean's earlier editions. The aim is, as before, to impart basic knowledge of occupational ergonomics in a straightforward and lucid fashion to those responsible for design, management and safety in the workplace, and to those who study it.

Excerpt

Professor Etienne Grandjean was one of the leading figures in ergonomics in Europe for over 30 years. Born in 1914 in Bern, Switzerland, he obtained his MD in 1939 and became Director of the Department of Hygiene and Ergonomics at the ETH, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich in 1950, where he remained until his retirement in 1983. His main research interests were the sitting posture, fatigue and working conditions in industries, and for the last decade VDT workstations.

Professor Grandjean was granted several international rewards and received Honorary Doctorates from the Universities of Surrey, Stuttgart and Geneva. He was one of the founders of the International Ergonomics Association and its General Secretary from 1961 to 1970. He published some 300 scientific papers and edited the first edition of Fitting the Task to the Man in 1963, which has since been translated into 10 different languages. He also wrote two other books in English-Ergonomics of the Home (Taylor & Francis, 1973) and Ergonomics of Computerized Offices (Taylor & Francis, 1987).

Karl H.E. Kroemer was born in 1933 near Berlin, Germany. He obtained Dipl.-Ing. and Dr.-Ing. degrees in 1959 and 1965, respectively, from the Technical University Hannover, Germany. Starting in 1960, he worked as a research engineer at the Max-Planck Institute for Work Physiology in Dortmund and from 1966 to 1973 he worked at the USAF Aerospace Laboratories in Dayton, Ohio. Then, after three years as Director of the Ergonomics Division of the Federal Institute of Occupational Safety and Accident Research in Dortmund, Germany, he was appointed Professor of Ergonomics at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, in 1976. Since 1981 he has been Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Virginia Tech where he directs the Industrial Ergonomics Laboratory. In his student years he almost moved to Zürich to work under Etienne Grandjean.

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