Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

Synopsis

This text provides a detailed and accessible account of three main areas: theories of cognitive development, the development of measured intelligence and the development of moral understanding.

Excerpt

The topic of this book is Cognitive Development which is a major area of study within developmental psychology. Developmental psychology is defined by Birch (1998) as 'the study of the psychological changes that take place between birth and old age' (p. 1). The aim of developmental psychology is to explain and describe the changes that occur from birth through to adulthood.

However, during childhood there is the greatest amount of change and the most dramatic development. Therefore the developments that occur during the period of birth to adolescence are commonly the focus of developmental psychology. Developmental psychology includes the study of all aspects of children's psychological development. This includes physical, social, language, and emotional, intellectual and cognitive development. This book focuses upon cognitive development. However, it should be noted that there is an increasing amount of research into adulthood, and research including adulthood is becoming known as life span development.

The word cognitive originally comes from a Latin word cognoscere, which means to know. Therefore cognitive activities include all the psychological processes and activities involved in thinking and knowing. These include how information is acquired, processed and organised. Cognitive development is the study of how these processes develop in children and young people, and how they become more efficient and effective in their understanding of the world and in their mental processes. Children's thinking is not the same as adult thinking. As a child develops, their thinking changes, and cognitive development is the study of these changes and developments.Cognitive psychology includes the study of memory and perception. Cognitive development includes the study . . .

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