Studies on Turkish Politics and Society: Selected Articles and Essays

Studies on Turkish Politics and Society: Selected Articles and Essays

Studies on Turkish Politics and Society: Selected Articles and Essays

Studies on Turkish Politics and Society: Selected Articles and Essays

Synopsis

This book comprises a collection of articles and essays published in a variety of journals during the past decades, which seek to identify and analyze the main factors in Turkish politics. Political parties, military interventions, international relations and cultural developments are given wide coverage alongside studies on literature.

Excerpt

The modern Turkish political system is the product of the interaction between a continuously changing socio-economic structure and static constitutional models borrowed from outside. the periodic rehauling of the constitution, especially in the period 1960–82, has been caused not only by the rapid transformation of the social structure but also by a basic disharmony between this structure and the domestic politics. Certain features of the politics, such as republicanism and national statehood, have exhibited strength, consistency and continuity; but the status of various proclaimed freedoms and rights and, especially, of the regulatory institutions, has oscillated constantly as they have been misused and abused by governments, by groups and by individuals. There is no question that the instability of the Turkish domestic politics must be attributed first to the breakdown and the discontinuity of the old traditions of conflict management and adaption to socio-political change. However, in order to understand the continuous crisis in Turkish domestic politics, it is necessary to analyze its evolution into a broad conceptual framework by taking into account the interaction between social groups, the government elites, and certain international events that were a part of the process of structural differentiation. in historical retrospect the Turkish constitutions appear not as the expressions of society's basic culture, philosophy, and aspirations but as tools designed to reshape society and legitimize control of government power. Both constitutions and ideology must be viewed as the instruments through which particular social groups have tried to establish a new regime and to implement a predetermined policy.

Ii. Pluralization and Democratization, 1945–1950

On May 19, 1945, İsmet İnönü, the President of the Republic and Chairman of the chp, declared that “as the conditions imposed by war disappear, democratic principles shall acquire gradually a larger . . .

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