The Book of Lord Shang: A Classic of the Chinese School of Law

The Book of Lord Shang: A Classic of the Chinese School of Law

The Book of Lord Shang: A Classic of the Chinese School of Law

The Book of Lord Shang: A Classic of the Chinese School of Law

Excerpt

This book gives a complete translation of the work known in Chinese as Shang-chün-shu, and the title, which I have chosen, is a literal rendering of the Chinese designation of the book. The Lord of Shang held high office in the state of Ch'in between 359 and 338 B.C., and the book which bears his name is regarded as belonging to the School of Law. In order to ascertain how far the connection of his name with the book is justified, it has been necessary to study his life, and for a right understanding of the ideas of the book, its relation to the principles of the School of Law have had to be examined. This has been done in the Introduction. I should, however, point out that this aims neither at giving a complete historical study of the times of Shang Yang, nor at making a complete systematic study of the principles of the School of Law; both would have far exceeded the scope of an introduction, where naturally the attention should be centred around the man and the book named after him.

Shang Yang and the Book have long been execrated in China. The opinion of a scholar like Su Tung-p'o (1036-1101) . . .

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