Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way

Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way

Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way

Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way

Synopsis

The politics of the Third Way reflects an attempt by many contemporary social democracies to forge a new political settlement which is fitted to the conditions of a modern society and new global economy, but which retains the goals of social cohesion and egalitarianism. It seeks to differentiate itself as distinct from the political ideologies of the New Right and Old Left. Though commonly linked to the US Democratic Party in the Clinton era, it can also be traced to the political discourses in European social democratic parties during the mid-1990s, most notably in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. In social policy terms the model attempts to transcend the old alternatives of the state and the market. Instead, civil society, government, and the market are viewed as interdependent and equal partners in the provision of welfare, and the challenge for government is to create equilibrium between these three pillars. The individual is to be 'pushed' towards self-help, and independent, active citizenship, while business and government must contribute to economic and social cohesion. This book provides a comprehensive and critical analysis of 'Third Way' social policy and policy processes in the welfare systems of industrialized economies, and examines the extent to which 'Third Way' ideology and institutional structures converge or vary in different national settings. It examines substantive areas of public policy in a broad comparative context of key trends and debates. By assessing the extent to which the post-war social contract in developed welfare states is being renegotiated, the text contributes to a better understanding of the current restructuring and modernization of the State. Finally the book explores the implications of the new politics of welfare for theorizing inequality, social justice, and the future of welfare.

Excerpt

Rebecca Surender

During the past decade a new politics of the welfare state has been identified in a new wave of literature on welfare state change. Subjected to strong pressures during the 1980s and 1990s, welfare systems underwent a period of 'intense renovation' (Bonoli and Palier 2001), and the search for solutions heralded, according to some, a new emerging welfare orthodoxy. However, opinions vary considerably as to whether to characterize these changes in terms of retrenchment, restructuring, or resilience, or indeed whether the changes are heading in a similar direction in different national contexts (Deacon 2002 ; Leibfried 2002; Pierson 2001 ; White 2001). This book sets out to examine recent welfare state change in relation to the Third Way—an equally contested topic. Defining the content and consequences of a so-called Third Way in social policy has become an increasingly important part of the debate about the future of the welfare state and social democratic politics.

According to early proponents, largely those in think tanks and the political arena, the Third Way reflects an attempt by contemporary social democracies to forge a new political settlement which is fitted to the conditions of a modern society and new global economy, but which retains the goals of social cohesion and egalitarianism (Halpern and Mikosz 1998). It seeks to differentiate itself as distinct from the political ideologies of the New Right and Old Left. Though commonly linked to the us Democratic Party in the Clinton era, it can also be traced to the political debates and discourses in European social democratic parties during the mid-1990s, most notably in the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands. in social policy terms the model attempts to transcend the fixed alternatives of the state and the market. Instead, civil society, government, and the economy are viewed as interdependent and equal partners in the provision of welfare; and the challenge for government is to create equilibrium between these three pillars. the individual is to be 'pushed' towards self-help and independent, active

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