Personality and Intellectual Competence

Personality and Intellectual Competence

Personality and Intellectual Competence

Personality and Intellectual Competence

Synopsis

This book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of personality and intelligence, as well as covering other variables underlying academic and occupational performance. Personality and Intellectual Competence is a unique attempt to develop a comprehensive model to understand individual difference by relating major personality dimensions to cognitive ability measures, academic and job performance, and self-assessed abilities, as well as other traditional constructs such as leadership and creativity. It will be essential reading for anyone interested in personality, intelligence, and the prediction of future achievement in general.

Personality and Intellectual Competence is an outstanding account of the relationship between major individual differences constructs. With its informative summary of the last century of research in the field, this book provides a robust and systematic theoretical background for understanding the psychological determinants of future achievement. The authors have sought to combine technical expertise with applied interests, making this a groundbreaking theoretical tool for anyone concerned with the scientific prediction of human performance.

Excerpt

After a century of psychometric testing (Binet, 1903), the prediction of future achievement still remains a relatively unaddressed issue. In applied settings, workers in organizations and academic institutions are uncertain about the choice of robust instruments to maximize the prediction of success and failure. At a theoretical level, differential psychologists, historically divided by different methods of research, have made isolated progress in personality and intelligence research, yet only a few have attempted to conceptualize a comprehensive, integrative model to explain cognitive and noncognitive individual differences underlying human performance (Ackerman & Heggestad, 1997; Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2004).

This volume provides an extensive review of the literature on personality and intelligence research (in the past 100 years), looking not only at the independent theoretical and empirical developments of both constructs, but also their interactions—namely, the psychometric interface between personality traits and cognitive ability measures. Nevertheless, it is argued that this interface (which has been increasingly examined by differential psychologists during the last 5 years) represents only one level of integration between cognitive and noncognitive traits. Two other important perspectives are the focus on academic performance (the criterion, par excellence, for the validation of ability measures) and self-assessed or subjective assessed ability. Hence the title of this book, which deals with the relationship between personality and intellectual competence—a term we chose to encompass the three different aspects of psychometric intelligence (cognitive ability tests), academic performance, and self- assessed ability—although it should be noted that other constructs (e.g., leadership, creativity, art judgment) may also be considered indicators of intellectual competence.

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