The Basics of Chemistry

The Basics of Chemistry

The Basics of Chemistry

The Basics of Chemistry

Excerpt

Perhaps not everyone is a student of chemistry in the formal sense of being enrolled in a chemistry course, but everyone uses chemistry on a daily basis. Every time a package label is read to check ingredients, food is tasted to determine whether it needs spices added, or mixtures are prepared, chemistry is practiced. Without even knowing it, all of us have accumulated a basic understanding of chemistry by observing the world around us. Observations such as salt melting ice, milk souring, leaves turning color, iron rusting, and wood burning demonstrate that changes are constantly occurring. Because chemistry is essentially the study of change and we are constantly observing these changes, we all are students of chemistry.

The Basics of Chemistry is written for students beginning a formal study of chemistry. These readers are primarily high school and college students enrolled in their first chemistry course. In addition to these students, individuals who are not enrolled in a chemistry course but would like a general overview of the subject should find this book helpful. Teachers of all grades may use The Basics of Chemistry as a general reference on the subject.

The Basics of Chemistry is a general reference book that presents the basic scientific concepts of chemistry in addition to providing information on several related subjects. Chapters progress through several areas. The first several chapters focus on chemistry’s roots as a modern science. Although the first chapters focus heavily on the historical development of chemistry, most of the other chapters give a historical overview of the chapter’s content. The heart of this book is devoted to explaining basic chemistry concepts. In these chapters, I review the content found in a beginning chemistry course. Subjects such as nomenclature, chemical bonding, acids and bases, equilibrium, kinetics, solutions, and gases are covered. Building on these general concepts, the chapters that follow explore several subdivisions of chemistry and present additional concepts especially important in these subdivisions. Chapters on organic chemistry, biochemistry, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry, and environmental chemistry are included. Chapter 19 presents an overview of the chemical industry and includes information on industrial chemistry. Chapter 20 presents the experimental method and twenty chemistry activities. The final chapter provides an overview of the chemistry profession, possible careers in chemistry, and chemical education.

This book is enhanced by other features. It includes a glossary of chemistry terms. Glossary terms are typed in boldface when they first appear in the text. The year of birth and year of . . .

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