Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions, and Discoveries of the Ancient World

Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions, and Discoveries of the Ancient World

Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions, and Discoveries of the Ancient World

Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions, and Discoveries of the Ancient World

Synopsis

This reference work describes the trial-and-error experiments, discoveries, and inventions of early humans who lived from before recorded history to the Middle Ages. Krebs travels through the ancient periods of Egypt, China, and Mesoamerica, to the classical Greek and Roman periods, and finally to the Christian era, providing students with the link between science and history, while revealing information about many cultures around the world. Each entry provides the who, when, and where of each discovery, invention, or experiment. Entries include calendars, gunpowder, anesthesia, contraception, spontaneous generation, the Arctic Circle, language, and tides.

Part of the Groundbreaking Experiments, Inventions, and Discoveries through the Ages series, this book provides readers with a detailed look early humans' relation to world around them and the scientific advancements they made. It will be useful to high school and college students, teachers, and the general public interested in the history and science behind ancient civilizations.

Excerpt

The materia] contained in five volumes in this series of historical groundbreaking experiments, discoveries, and inventions encompasses many centuries from the pre-historic period up to the twentieth century. Topics are explored from the time of pre-historic humans, the age of classical Greek and Roman science, the Christian era, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance period from the years 1350 to 1600, the beginnings of modern science of the 17 century, and great inventions, discoveries, and experiments of the 18 and 19 centuries. This historical approach to science by Greenwood Press is intended to provide students with the materials needed to examine science as a specialized discipline. The authors present the topics for each historical period alphabetically and include information about the women and men responsible for specific experiments, discoveries, and inventions.

All volumes concentrate on the physical and life sciences and follow the same historical format that describes the scientific developments of that period. In addition to the science of each historical period, the authors explore the implications of how historical groundbreaking experiments, discoveries, and inventions influenced the thoughts and theories of future scientists, and how these developments affected people’s lives.

As readers progress through the volumes, it will become obvious that the nature of science is cumulative. In other words, scientists of one historical period draw upon and add to the ideas and theories of earlier periods. This is evident in contrast to the recent irrationalist philosophy of the history and sociology of science that views science, not as a unique, self-correcting human empirical inductive activity, but as just another social or cultural activity where scientific knowledge is conjectural, scientific laws are contrived, scientific theories are all false, scien-

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