No Small Courage: A History of Women in the United States

No Small Courage: A History of Women in the United States

No Small Courage: A History of Women in the United States

No Small Courage: A History of Women in the United States

Synopsis

Enriched by the wealth of new research into women's history, No Small Courage offers a lively chronicle of American experience, charting women's lives and experiences with fascinating immediacy from the precolonial era to the present. Individual stories and primary sources-including letters, diaries, and news reports-animate this history of the domestic, professional, and political efforts of American women.

John Demos begins the book with a discussion of Native American women confronting colonization. Leading historians illuminate subsequent eras of social and political change-including Jane Kamensky on women's lives in the colonial period, Karen Manners Smith on the rising tide of political activity by women in the Progressive Era, Sarah Jane Deutsch on the transition of 1920s optimism to the harsh realities of the Great Depression, Elaine Tyler May on the challenges to a gender-defined social order encouraged by World War II, and William H. Chafe on the women's movement and the struggle for political equality since the 1960s. The authors vividly relate such events as Anne Hutchinson's struggle for religious expression in Puritan Massachusetts, former slave Harriet Tubman's perilous efforts to free others in captivity, Rosa Parks's resistance to segregation in the South, and newfound opportunities for professional and personal self-determination available as a result of decades of protest. Dozens of archival illustrations add to the human dimensions of the authoritative text.

No Small Courage dynamically captures the variety and significance of American women's experience, demonstrating that the history of our nation cannot be fully understood without focusing on changes in women's lives.

Excerpt

In much of the Western world’s written record of history, women’s presence is minimal. Women hardly surface as historical actors. An eminent male historian in the 1940s excused this lack by saying that it was “through no conspiracy of historians” that the composition of courts, parliaments, colleges of cardinals, and the great explorations, where history took place, were “pretty much stag affairs.” Yet just two decades after he made this pronouncement, historical interest moved its focus toward social history, putting a spotlight on ordinary people rather than ruling elites.

The trend toward social history converged with the feminist movement in the 1960s and 1970s to produce a harvest of knowledge. Developments in women’s history prove the maxim that what one finds in the past depends on what one looks for. If the traditional view of history typically obscured women, that was because it assumed men were the human norm and took men’s activities for human pursuits. No one denied that women were subject to history, but it required a different angle to see them as active agents in its making. New perspectives have now been found, which change the historical record altogether.

Investigating history is a matter of research, discovery of evidence, and interpretation, but it is also a field for imagination. We look to the past as one way of understanding ourselves. The experience of delving into history is something like traveling to a foreign land. We find other human beings and the societies they have constructed, and can compare them to ourselves. Their social creations may be somewhat similar to ours, or very different; they may arouse our sympathy—even our envy—and, equally, our antipathy. What makes the comparisons worthwhile is the double-headed fact that our forebears are both like us and not like us. History thus offers a field for mental expansion. It is a canvas that portrays a larger panorama of human possibilities, and enables us to envision alternatives to our present-day lives. In this respect, written history is like literature or drama: it provides us with characters, actions, and turningpoints. It is up to historians and readers to plumb the depths of these elements . . .

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