Social Adjustment in Old Age: A Research Planning Report

Social Adjustment in Old Age: A Research Planning Report

Social Adjustment in Old Age: A Research Planning Report

Social Adjustment in Old Age: A Research Planning Report

Excerpt

This research planning bulletin by Dr. Otto Pollak is a completely reorganized and largely rewritten edition of a mimeographed planning report on Social Adjustment in Old Age issued by the Social Science Research Council two years ago. The continuing demand for this publication after the supply was exhausted led to the decision to prepare a more systematic statement of needed and feasible research organized around an adequate conceptual framework. In this bulletin is presented, for the first time, a theory of the nature and process of social adjustment in old age, utilizing the available pertinent concepts of psychology and of sociology.

The original edition was a prospectus of proposed research upon adjustment in old age prepared by twenty persons actively engaged in research in this new field. The present bulletin, while drawing upon much of the data in the original publication, introduces considerable new material. Noteworthy is the inclusion of a basic orientation about which the projects for research are organized.

When the Committee on Social Adjustment in Old Age was formed in 1943, there were available in the literature only a few scattered studies on the social aspects of aging. This condition was in marked contrast with the existence of a considerable body of research findings upon the biological and psychological phases of old age.

In the past four years there has been a marked growth in research projects, stimulated in part by the work of this Committee and in part by the growing public realization of the problems of social adjustment which confront older adults in a modern industrial society. It is hoped that this research planning bulletin will be helpful both in providing an overview of the social aspects of aging and in indicating profitable directions of further research.

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