Great Debates at the United Nations: An Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues 1945-2000

Great Debates at the United Nations: An Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues 1945-2000

Great Debates at the United Nations: An Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues 1945-2000

Great Debates at the United Nations: An Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues 1945-2000

Synopsis

Perfect for promoting student debate, and critical thinking, and ideal for use by Model UN clubs, this ready-reference guide provides information and critical examinations of the 50 most important issues debated in UN history. Since the inception of the UN in 1945, its member nations have hotly debated the most incendiary global political issues, from human rights and Cold War conflicts to many regional and local clashes, most recently in Kosovo. The 50 entries are organized in chronological order based on their first appearance on the UN agenda. Each entry consists of four narrative sections: the significance of the issue; the historical, social and economic background of the issue; the history of the UN debate and intervention on the issue and the positions of various nations; and the outcome of the debate. Each entry concludes with a list of suggested further reading. More than fifty photos accompany the text. Among the issues debated are those of UN peacekeeping efforts around the globe; issues of concern to Third World countries; the nuclear arms race; regional conflicts in the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central America; human rights; world population growth; the environment; laws of the sea; issues of food; the status of women; and racism. Cross-references will help the user to locate related topics. A timeline of events in the history of the UN, a bibliographic essay, a glossary, and a number of appendices including lists of UN world years, UN peacekeeping operations, Secretaries General of the UN and Presidents of the UN General Assembly add reference value to the work.

Excerpt

This reference work summarizes and explains fifty United Nations (UN) debates. the entries are presented in rough chronological order based on the time when they first appeared on the un agenda or, in some cases, when, though having previously appeared on the agenda in some form, they gained more prominent notice. Thus, a reader seeking to get a sense for the historical flow of un debates may productively begin with the first entry on disarmament and read straight through until the last entry, which deals with the Kosovo issue. Such an approach will allow the reader to view the changing panorama of un debate through time. Each entry may be consulted on its own, however, since all entries include a discussion of the significance of the issue, its historical background, the history of the un debate itself, and a discussion of the outcome of the debate. Suggestions for further reading provide additional sources on the history of the subject or contrasting evaluations of the issue.

Some of these debates concern issues that are quite specific and admissible of concrete solutions. Other issues are perennial in nature, appearing periodically or even annually in some cases. Many of the issues are closely interrelated. Lessons learned by member states in one situation are sometimes applied to later similar situations. the issues vary in terms of their historical complexity and their development. Whatever the case, each entry seeks to explain some of the background factors that led to the emergence of the issue, to review the historical dimensions and developments of the debate, and to explain its later or ongoing significance.

Debates at the United Nations begin when issues of concern to states or other international bodies are brought to its attention, usually through the office of the secretary-general. the secretary-general is the keeper of the agenda of the main un organs, especially the Security Council and the General Assembly. When emergency issues or conflicts occur any member state may ask that a meeting of the Security Council be convened to address . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.