The Encyclopedia of Christianity - Vol. 1

The Encyclopedia of Christianity - Vol. 1

The Encyclopedia of Christianity - Vol. 1

The Encyclopedia of Christianity - Vol. 1


"The Encyclopedia of Christianity is the first of a five-volume English translation of the third revised edition of Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. Its German articles have been tailored to suit an English readership, and articles of special interest to English readers have been added. The encyclopedia describes Christianity through its 2000-year history within a global context, taking into account other religions and philosophies. A special feature is the statistical information dispersed throughout the articles on the continents and over 170 countries. Social and cultural coverage is given to such issues as racism, genocide, and armaments, while historical content shows the development of biblical and apostolic traditions. This comprehensive work, while scholarly, is intended for a wide audience and will set the standard for reference works on Christianity."--"Outstanding reference sources 2000", American Libraries, May 2000. Comp. by the Reference Sources Committee, RUSA, ALA.


This introduction provides a brief guide to the editorial conventions followed throughout the Encyclopedia of Christianity, as well as to the statistical information specially prepared for the EC by David Barrett.


Articles are arranged alphabetically word by word (not letter by letter), with hyphens and apostrophes counted as continuing the single word; all commas are ignored. For example:

Antiochian Theology

Anti-Semitism, Anti-Judaism

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg, Peace of

Calvin, John


Calvin's Theology

Church Year

Churches of Christ


The EC includes separate articles for each of the six major areas (formerly “continents”) currently recognized by the United Nations (i.e., Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Northern America, and Oceania). It also presents separate articles for all independent countries of the world, omitting only those whose population, according to U.N. estimates for 1995, is less than 200,000 (e.g., Andorra, Nauru).

Accompanying each country article is a standard statistical box with the following format:


A.D. 2000

Population density: 13/sq. km. (34/sq. mi.)

Births / deaths: 1.90 / 0.78 per 100 population

Fertility rate: 2.44 per woman

Infant mortality rate: 20 per 1,000 live births

Life expectancy: 74.2 years (m: 70.6, f: 77.7)

Religious affiliation (%): Christians 92.9 (Roman Catholics 90.2, Protestants 5.9, indigenous 5.4,
marginal 1.4, unaffiliated 1.1, other Christians 0.6),
nonreligious 2.2, Muslims 2.0, Jews 1.5, other 1.4.

The demographic information in these boxes is taken from the World Population Prospects: The 1996 Revision (New York "United Nations", 1998). Depending on the presentation in U.N. tables, figures for 1960, 1980, and 2000 are either for that year alone or for a five-year period beginning with that year. In each case where the United Nations provides three estimates, the medium variant estimates are cited. Information on country area is taken from the 1996 Britannica Book of the Year (Chicago, 1996). For countries like Argentina, where the birth rate minus the death rate (1.12 per 100 population) does not equal the annual growth rate (1.19), the difference is due to migration—in this case, into the country.

David Barrett, editor of the World Christian Encyclopedia (New York, 1982) and president of Global Evangelization Movement, Richmond, Virginia, has provided all the information on religious affiliation in the statistical boxes. In the first place, the boxes present the breakdown of . . .

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