Chrysippus' on Affections: Reconstruction and Interpretations

Chrysippus' on Affections: Reconstruction and Interpretations

Chrysippus' on Affections: Reconstruction and Interpretations

Chrysippus' on Affections: Reconstruction and Interpretations

Synopsis

The On Affections by the Stoic philosopher Chrysippus (c. 280-205 BCE) contains the classic exposition of the Stoic theory of the emotions. This book provides a fresh discussion of the extant evidence, i.e. the fragments and testimonies preserved by later sources. It aims to establish the exact amount of available evidence and to arrange the fragmentary material so as to see how far the original treatise can be reconstructed. The fragments are interpreted both in their literary context and in the light of Stoic doctrines known from other sources. Given its contextual approach, this study includes extensive discussion of the methods of sources such as Galen, Posidonius and Cicero. In addition, the medical backdrop to Chrysippus theory receives considerable attention.

Excerpt

The writing of this book has taken me longer than I and, I fear, others had anticipated. In the process I have incurred debts of gratitude to several institutions and persons. The foundations were laid while I held a research fellowship of the Royal Dutch Academy of Arts and Sciences (1993-6) at Utrecht University. During Lent Term of the course 1993-4, I had the honour of working at the Faculty of Classics in Cambridge University. In Cambridge I enjoyed the hospitality of Professor Malcolm Schofield at St John's College. A period of teaching Classics at Lauwers College, Buitenpost (Friesland) followed, during which the work came to an almost complete halt. It was given new impetus by a sabbatical leave spent at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIAS) at Wassenaar, the Netherlands (2000-1). I want to record my gratitude to NIAS, the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) as well as the Board of Lauwers College for facilitating this invaluable period of reflection and writing. In the years I worked on this book I also profited from the expert assistance of Luc de Vries and Amarens Hibma in the best classical library of the Netherlands, the Buma Bibliotheek in Leeuwarden.

An embryonic version of Chapter 4 was delivered at the IXème Colloque Hippocratique International (Pisa, September 1996) and subsequently published in its proceedings (= Tieleman 1999, see Bibliography). Some of my ideas on Zeno of Citium and psychological monism received a preliminary airing at the International Zeno Conference, Larnaca Cyprus 9-11 September 1998 (see Tieleman, forth coming 1). An ancestor of Chapter 1 will appear in the proceedings of the VII Jornadas Internacionales, Estudios actuales sobre textos griegos: Galeno, compositión literaria y estilo (Madrid, Octobre 1999; see Tieleman, forthcoming 2). In recent years I discussed other aspects of this book before audiences in Wassenaar, Leiden and Utrecht.

The past years have not always been the easiest, both privately and professionally. For the successful outcome of this project it was essential to have friends and colleagues around who kept their faith in it and actively helped create the circumstances which rendered completion possible. Among them, Jaap Mansfeld played a crucial role both . . .

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