Poverty: A Philosophical Approach

Poverty: A Philosophical Approach

Poverty: A Philosophical Approach

Poverty: A Philosophical Approach

Synopsis

"In Poverty: A Philosophical Approach, the author studies various philosophical issues concerning poverty in the Program for Education, Health and Food (PROGRESA) that was in effect in Mexico, from 1997 to 2002, and shows how theoretical discussion is necessary to clarify some ideas concerning the application of a social policy. The book considers social policies applied to poverty, and their occasional abuse of utilitarian instruments. Many are implemented without considering cultural differences, including varying patterns of conduct in diverse communities."

Excerpt

The idea of writing a book about poverty arose after having studied over a long period the main aspects of the theory of justice. Obviously, Rawls's A Theory of Justice was a major influence. My interest in concentrating on a particular aspect of justice arose from the reading of Michael Walzer and Jon Elster. It was Amartya Sen who led me directly to the subject of poverty.

I have discussed my work in many academic forums and been greatly stimulated by the exchange of ideas with colleagues. Among these I would like to mention Elisabetta Di Castro, to whom I am particularly grateful; I must point out that in recent years all my texts have passed before her acute and intelligent gaze. Discussions in the Program for Advanced Studies in Sustainable Development and Environment at El Colegio de México were for me extremely enriching, and what I learned from Boris Graizbord, Rosa María Ruvalcaba, Fernando Cortés and Enrique Hernández Laos was decisive. My gratitude is due to Alicia Ziccardi for the invitation to take part in the Forum on Poverty organized by the CLACSO working group. Julio Boltvinik showed interest in my work and provided me with material related to the so-called and much discussed “poverty lines”.

I had the opportunity to spend a sabbatical year in the Mexican Government's Education, Health and Food Program (PROGRESA), thanks to the generosity and interest shown in the subject of my research by the Program's coordinator at the time, José Gómez de León. To a large extent this book is due to him. In Mexico, any person who takes seriously the study and application of policies to combat poverty must inevitably have in mind a memory of “Pepe”. Many people helped me at PROGRESA, among them Magdalena Torres, Susan Parker, Patricia Muñoz and Daniel Hernández.

Several of the ideas expressed here can be found in articles and chapters of books published beforehand; I should like to express my

“PROGRESA y la atención a las necesidades básicas”, in Alivio a la pobreza, análisis
de del Programa de Educación, Salud y Alimentación
, CIESAS and PROGRESA, Mexi
co City, 1998, pp. 130–143; with José Gómez de León, “Diversidad humana, liber
tad y capacidades en la obra de Amartya Sen”, Metapolítica, no. 10, vol. 3, April
June, 1999, pp. 339–351; “Dos conceptos de pobreza”, in Juliana González (ed.),
Moral y poder, Secretaría de Educación Pública/Academia Mexicana de Ciencias y
Tecnología/Consejo Consultivo de Ciencias de la Presidencia de la República . . .

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