Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions

Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions

Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions

Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions

Excerpt

Since the industrial revolution and until around the mid 1960s, the environment and environmental issues were viewed as secondary to economic development and technological progress. A polluted river or lake or ravaged countryside was a sign of progress and prosperity. The full extent of the negative impacts of industrial activity was unknown and therefore not a policy concern at any level. The environmental awareness that began in the 1960s culminated in a series of national and international forums on the links between economic development and the environment and the importance of environmental protection at a global scale. There was increasing recognition that the unprecedented environmental problems of the time had been caused by accumulated pollution from intensive industrial activity over many decades; pollution that contaminated food, fodder and water resources and endangered humans and other species.

The current focus on the environment and environmental protection has its roots in the period between 1965 and 1970. A series of highly publicized environmental accidents and persistent problems such as acid rain and surface- and groundwater contamination in numerous countries in the industrialized North led to a proliferation of environmental groups, followed by a series of legislative measures aimed at curbing pollution at the business enterprise and public utility levels. The period of politicization that ensued saw environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) and business corporations pitted against each other as the main protagonists, with governments often acting in a catch-up mode initially . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.