A Half-Century of Greatness: The Creative Imagination of Europe, 1848-1884

A Half-Century of Greatness: The Creative Imagination of Europe, 1848-1884

A Half-Century of Greatness: The Creative Imagination of Europe, 1848-1884

A Half-Century of Greatness: The Creative Imagination of Europe, 1848-1884

Synopsis

Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2008

A Half-Century of Greatness paints a vivid and dramatic picture of the creative thought of mid- to late nineteenth century Europe and the influence of the unsuccessful revolutions of 1848. It reveals often unexpected links between novelists, poets, and philosophers from England, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Russia, and Ukraine- especially Dickens, Carlyle, Mill, the Brontës, and George Eliot; Hegel, Strauss, Feuerbach, Marx, Engels, Wagner, and several German poets; the Hungarian poet Sándor Petöfi; Gogol, Dostoevsky, Bakunin, and Herzen in Russia, and the great Ukrainian poet Shevchenko. Ewen goes on to trace the transition from Romanticism to Victorianism, or what he calls "the Victorian compromise"- the ascendancy of the middle class.

The book was reconstructed and edited by Dr. Jeffrey Wollock from Ewen's final manuscript. It includes the author's own reference citations throughout, a reconstructed bibliography, and an updated "further reading" list.

This is Ewen's last work, the long-lost companion to his Heroic Imagination. Together, these books present a panorama of the social, political, and artistic aspects of European Romanticism, especially foreshadowing and complementing recent work on the relation of Marxism to romanticism. Anyone interested in what Lukacs called "Romantic anticapitalism,"; who appreciates such books as Marshall Berman's Adventures in Marxism or E. P. Thompson's The Romantics (1997), will find Ewen's work a welcome addition.

Excerpt

The work presented here, never previously published, is the second and concluding part of Frederic Ewen's magnum opus on the Romantic period of European literature in its social and political context. It gives central emphasis to the crucial influence exercised by the 1848 revolution, and its failure, on many Romantic and Victorian literary figures. Prof. Ewen seems to have begun work on this big project in the late 1960s, but the first volume, Heroic Imagination, was not published until 1984, and this companion volume has had to wait almost two decades after the author's death to appear in print.

Despite prior publication of Heroic Imagination both in the 1984 Citadel edition and in a 2004 reprint by NYU Press, it is only now, with the appearance of A HalfCentury of Greatness, that the full scope of the project can be appreciated. Though each volume stands on its own, each gains by the other's company, and together they present a broad and striking panorama.

Ewen's orientation is Marxist, but not obtrusively so. He writes not as a theorist but a historian, allowing the reader to see the age in vivid perspective. In the light of more recent work, Ewen's approach is most akin to writers such as Marshall Berman (Adventures in Marxism, 1999), Richard Wolin (Walter Benjamin: An Aesthetic of Redemption, 1994), or Michael Löwy and Robert Sayre (Romanticism Against the Tide of Modernity, 2001). Like these writers, Ewen discovers the roots of Marxism in the fertile soil of Romanticism, an international movement with political as well as artistic dimensions. The approach is original in that Romanticism is territory conceded by scholars far more readily to the right than to the left of the political spectrum. Yet Ewen makes us think again, and in so doing, revises to a considerable extent the more familiar map of 19th-century intellectual history. He shows that what we think of today as “the Right” and “the Left” arose from the same revolutionary impulse, which Löwy and Sayre call “Romantic anticapitalism”—a term originally used by George Lukacs in a retrospective preface (1962) to his Theory of the Novel (1916) to describe his own pre-Marxist outlook. Ewen's dyptich can also be compared with E. P. Thompson's unfinished work on Wordsworth, Coleridge, Godwin, and Thelwall, The Romantics: England in a Revolutionary Age (1997)—itself a posthumous publication.

The appearance of A Half-Century of Greatness thus not only demands a new hearing for Heroic Imagination, but also compliments recent research on Marxism and Romanticism and links it with earlier scholarship. Considering the period in which Ewen began this project, one may regard him as a bridge between the Old and the New Left (cf. Alexander 1999).

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