Peace Operations: Trends, Progress, and Prospects

Peace Operations: Trends, Progress, and Prospects

Peace Operations: Trends, Progress, and Prospects

Peace Operations: Trends, Progress, and Prospects

Synopsis

Trends in the number and scope of peace operations since 2000 evidence heightened international appreciation for their value in crisis-response and regional stabilization. Peace Operations: Trends, Progress, and Prospects addresses national and institutional capacities to undertake such operations, by going beyond what is available in previously published literature.

Part one focuses on developments across regions and countries. It builds on data- gathering projects undertaken at Georgetown University's Center for Peace and Security Studies (CPASS), the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), and the Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) that offer new information about national contributions to operations and about the organizations through which they make those contributions. The information provides the bases for arriving at unique insights about the characteristics of contributors and about the division of labor between the United Nations and other international entities.

Part two looks to trends and prospects within regions and nations. Unlike other studies that focus only on regions with well-established track records -- specifically Europe and Africa -- this book also looks to the other major areas of the world and poses two questions concerning them: If little or nothing has been done institutionally in a region, why not? What should be expected?

This groundbreaking volume will help policymakers and academics understand better the regional and national factors shaping the prospects for peace operations into the next decade.

Excerpt

Donald C. F. Daniel and Sharon Wiharta

Peace operations have undergone several evolutions in the last decade and a half, both in terms of the type of operations launched and in the way they are perceived. in recent years, the demand for peace operations has grown significantly, leading to a steady rise in the number conducted annually since 2002. Along with this rise is an explosive growth in the number of troops required for them and in the number of countries participating in them. in 2006, about 60 percent of the world's countries contributed nearly 150,000 troops to peace operations. the number of operations with mission strengths of over 5,000 personnel in 2006 was twice the number of missions of this size in 2000. the large-scale deployments are, among other things, a refection of heightened international political appreciation of the value of peace operations and a reaffirmation by many states of the United Nations (UN) Security Council's commitment to “a responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.”

The current trend toward expanded peace operations is rooted in the experiences of the 1990s. Developments in that period have been extensively documented and analyzed in published literature, much of which has underscored the more problematic nature of operations. Numerous studies have diagnosed the problems and suggested changes in practice for institutions and nations authorizing and carrying out missions. Their focus has been predominantly on operations mandated by and executed through the un, even though regional organizations—with the UN's encouragement—and ad hoc coalitions have come to account for half of the operations on a yearly basis.

Particularly since 2000, published attention has been increasingly directed to how these non-UN entities have supplemented or supplanted “UN coverage.” Much of this more recent literature concentrates particularly on European (including NATO) and African developments, since these regions have been the most active in addressing their respective institutional and national needs. Still rare are studies that systematically look at other regions. Rarer yet are those that compare troop contributors and noncontributors within and across regions to determine either what they have in common or how they differ across a range of characteristics and capabilities.

This volume goes beyond the published literature by concentrating on trends in and prospects for regional and national capacities to undertake peace operations. It does not ignore the UN—probably the most oft-mentioned organization in the volume—but considers it against the backdrop of what . . .

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