History of World War II - Vol. 1

History of World War II - Vol. 1

History of World War II - Vol. 1

History of World War II - Vol. 1

Excerpt

World War 11 remains the most destructive period of bloodletting in human history. The war was fought with unparalleled ferocity using weapons of previously unseen destructiveness in unsurpassed numbers, culminating in the use of the atomic bomb. Belligerency lasted longer than World War 1 (1914–1918) and was truly global, with prolonged fighting involving the mobilization of around 100 million troops not only in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, but also in East Asia and the Pacific Ocean region. An estimated 56 million people died between 1939 and 1945. Of those losses, about 60 percent were civilians. Famine, neglect, and illness played a part in the total, but noncombalants also became targets for deliberate and sustained attack on an unprecedented scale. Civilian losses resulted partly from strategic bombing campaigns, as well as from the harsh occupation regimes and genocidal policies of German and Japanese occupying forces. Russia, China, and Poland were the greatest victims. The most enormous crime against noncombatants was the Nazis' treatment of Europe's jews, of whom around six million men, women, and children died in the Holocaust; other social groups, such as Europe's gypsies and homosexuals, also suffered in Nazi death camps.

From China and japan to India and North Africa, from occupied France and Poland to the Soviet Union, from Britain to the United States and Latin America, History of World War II explores all elements of the conflict, not just on the battlefield but also on home fronts around the world. Each volume is divided into chapters arranged in broadly chronological order.

World War II was the widest ranging conflict in history: the fighting took place on three continents and had a significant impact on the lives of people in every nation on earth. The conflict that began with Germany's

Female students
at the University of
Indiana in 1942 are
shown the work
ings of a machine
gun. The students
are members of the
Women's Auxiliary
Training Corps, an
organization for the
voluntary training
of college girls in
military tactics and
discipline. During
World War II,
women took up
many posts that
were previously
held by men only.

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