Educational Strategies among Muslims in the Context of Globalization: Some National Case Studies

Educational Strategies among Muslims in the Context of Globalization: Some National Case Studies

Educational Strategies among Muslims in the Context of Globalization: Some National Case Studies

Educational Strategies among Muslims in the Context of Globalization: Some National Case Studies

Synopsis

This volume deals with Islamic conceptualization of knowledge, various types of Islamic education; and educational strategies among selected groups of Muslims in Islamized countries (Pakistan, Iran, Morocco, Senegal, and so on) as well as countries in Europe where Muslims form important minorities. The first chapter gives an overview of Islamic educational arrangements in the context of globalization and chapter two presents some principal ideological orientations among Muslims. The remaining chapters describe educational arrangements available to Muslim parents in different countries. The book is useful as a textbook in social sciences courses, teacher training institutions and among the general public.

Excerpt

This book is dedicated to the exploration and analysis of educational strategies among Muslims in the “core” area (countries with a long Islamic tradition) and among Muslims living in countries where they are minorities (in Europe and the USA). The book is intended for students and the academic (with emphasis on educationists) interested in educational policies, and convergence and standardization in the context of globalization, on the one hand, and increasing levels of pluralism within the heightened prioritization of multiculturalism, on the other. Islam as a religion and Islamist revivalism as a movement are component parts of globalization, but also a challenging force to that globalization. Trends and patterns of migration, global tourism and transnational mass media have considerably expanded the areas of interaction between Western and other religious and secular systems of thought and education, and the religiously oriented Muslim counterpart system of thought and educational frameworks.

In Muslim and predominantly Muslim countries, educational systems may include and are permeated by religious-moral elements— within different contexts of formal educational institutions and informal frameworks such as supplementary and alternative schools (e.g. religious mosque schools). Among European states with growing Muslim minority populations, it is the case that in spite of the standardization of educational policies, in such countries, they still differ considerably in their approach to religious and minority demands for special educational arrangements. Some countries have a unitary and national system (national curriculum and secular education), while the state in other countries opts neither to control nor support Muslim education as an alternative system of education or a supplementary component of the present system. A third category of countries however opt for a multi-cultural framework in trying to accommodate immigrant and minority cultures, hence opting for a “compromise” to establish supplementary education (based on a national curriculum) and economically subsidizing such arrangements.

Chapter 1 of the book presents elements of Islam as a religion in general (e.g. ·Shīʿism and Sunnīsm), Islamic conceptualizations of . . .

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