Land Tenure, Gender and Globalisation: Research and Analysis from Africa, Asia and Latin America

Land Tenure, Gender and Globalisation: Research and Analysis from Africa, Asia and Latin America

Land Tenure, Gender and Globalisation: Research and Analysis from Africa, Asia and Latin America

Land Tenure, Gender and Globalisation: Research and Analysis from Africa, Asia and Latin America

Synopsis

"Drawing from field research in Cameroon, Ghana, Viet Nam, and the Amazon forests of Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru, this book explores the relationship between gender and land, revealing the workings of global capital and of people's responses to it. A central theme is the people's resistance to global forces, frequently through an insistence on the uniqueness of their livelihoods." "For instance, in the Amazon, the focus is on the social movements that have emerged in the context of struggles over land rights concerning the extraction of Brazil nuts and babatu kernels in an increasingly globalised market. In Viet Nam, the process of 'de-collectivising' rights to land is examined with a view to understanding ho• gender and other social differences are reworked in a market economy." "The book addresses a gap in the literature on land tenure and gender in developing countries. It raises new questions about the process of globalisation, particularly about who the actors are (local people, the state, NGOs, multinational companies) and the shifting relations amongst them. The book also challenges the very concepts of gender, land and globalisation."

Excerpt

Competition and conflict over access and use of land are at a historical peak globally. Demographic growth and urbanisation, running at unprecedented levels, are one set of drivers, but the decades of liberalisation and commitment to market forces, as well as the more recent securitisation of economic objectives have shaped the contours of the scenario that presently prevails. Many regions have been, and are, witnessing new waves of land privatisation in which international actors, national elites and smaller local entrepreneurs are alienating the historical users of land from their own territory. These changes in the social relations of land ownership are accompanied by new uses and new values for the natural resources of the land, in which the newly dispossessed enter into new forms of work and production. Powerful global processes are being experienced locally as a complex combination of innovation, adaptation, resistance and struggle, with gains for some and losses for others.

This book is an important and exciting assessment of some of these issues. It explores the particular characteristics of globalisation at the beginning of the 21 century, especially the diverse changes wrought in the depths of rural areas in many parts of the majority world. Addressing the issues arising from the extensive transformation of rural society and economy across nations is of huge importance to a wide range of actors with deep concerns, who should make reading . . .

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