Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy

Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy

Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy

Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy


Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy provides in one volume the major writings from nearly 2,500 years of political and moral philosophy. The most comprehensive collection of its kind, it moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Cicero) through medieval views (Augustine,Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant). It includes major nineteenth-century thinkers (Hegel, Bentham, Mill, Nietzsche) as well as twentieth-century theorists (Rawls, Nozick, Nagel, Foucault, Habermas, Nussbaum). Also included arenumerous essays from The Federalist Papers and a variety of notable documents and addresses, among them Pericles' Funeral Oration, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, and speeches by Edmund Burke, Abraham Lincoln, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, John Dewey, and MartinLuther King, Jr. The readings are substantial or complete texts, not fragments. An especially valuable feature of this volume is that the works of each author are introduced with a substantive and engaging essay by a leading contemporary authority. These introductions include Richard Kraut on Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Cicero; Paul J. Weithman on Augustine andAquinas; Roger D. Masters on Machiavelli; Jean Hampton on Hobbes; Steven B. Smith on Spinoza and Hegel; A. John Simmons on Locke; Joshua Cohen on Rousseau and Rawls; Donald W. Livingston on Hume; Charles L. Griswold, Jr., on Smith; Bernard E. Brown on Hamilton and Madison; Jeremy Waldron on Benthamand Mill; Paul Guyer on Kant; Richard Miller on Marx and Engels; Richard Schacht on Nietzsche; Thomas Christiano on Nozick; John Deigh on Nagel; Thomas A. McCarthy on Foucault and Habermas; and Eva Feder Kittay on Nussbaum. Offering unprecedented breadth of coverage, Classics of Political and MoralPhilosophy is an ideal text for courses in social and political philosophy, moral philosophy, or surveys in Western civilization.


Here in one volume are the major writings from nearly 2,500 years of political philosophy, supplemented by related works of ethical theory. The idea for such a comprehensive collection developed in conversation with my editor, Robert Miller, and I am deeply grateful for his continuing encouragement and advice. I also wish to express my appreciation to Maureen Eckert, my research assistant at The City University Graduate Center, for her untiring efforts in preparing the manuscript for publication; to Ian Gardiner, for his skilled proofreading; to the staff at Oxford University Press, for its generous help at all the stages of production; to Andrea Tschemplik, for granting permission to use her updating of the once celebrated, but now neglected, translation of Plato's Republic by John Llewelyn Davies and David James Vaughan; and to David Rosenthal, for calling the Davies and Vaughan translation to my attention.

I owe special thanks to those who kindly provided introductions: Bernard E. Brown (The City University of New York Graduate Center), Thomas Christiano (University of Arizona), Joshua Cohen (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), John Deigh (Northwestern University), Charles L. Griswold, Jr. (Boston University), Paul Guyer (University of Pennsylvania), the late Jean Hampton (University of Arizona), Eva Feder Kittay (State University of New York at Stony Brook), Richard Kraut (Northwestern University), Donald W. Livingston (Emory University), Roger D. Masters (Dartmouth College), Thomas A. McCarthy (Northwestern University), Richard Miller (Cornell University), Richard Schacht (University of Illinois at Urbana), A. John Simmons (University of Virginia), Steven B. Smith (Yale University), Jeremy Waldron (Columbia University), and Paul J. Weithman (University of Notre Dame).

I benefited greatly from advice by Professor Brown regarding the selections from The Federalist, Professor Griswold regarding the selections from Kant, Professor Hampton regarding the selections from Hobbes, Professor Kraut regarding the selections from Aristotle, Professor Livingston regarding the selections from Hume, Professor Masters regarding the selections from Machiavelli, Professor McCarthy regarding the selections from Foucalt and Habermas, Professor Miller regarding the selections from Marx and Engels, Professor Schacht regarding the selections from Nietzsche, and Professor Smith regarding the selections from Hegel. I also receved wise counsel from Professor George Sher of Rice University.

This work is thus a product of the learning and generosity of the community of scholars.

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