Beyond Proprietorship: Murphree's Laws on Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

Beyond Proprietorship: Murphree's Laws on Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

Beyond Proprietorship: Murphree's Laws on Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

Beyond Proprietorship: Murphree's Laws on Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

Excerpt

This book seeks to capture the spirit of Professor Marshall Murphree's work and convictions from the past, present and in shaping future research initiatives. the book is based on a collection of papers that were prepared for and presented at a conference hosted in honour of Murphree's work, held at Leopard Rock Hotel, Vumba, Zimbabwe, in May 2007. Professor Marshall Murphree contributed immensely to academia, to the conservation of wildlife resources, to community development and to race relations for more than four decades. His professional career as an academic and social developer was anchored at the Centre for Applied Social Sciences (CASS), formerly called the Centre for Race Relations, which he opened in the 1960s.

The book covers a wide range of issues that are in the purview of Professor Murphree's scholarship, and conveys a central concern with the notion of equality and fairness to all humankind. there is a deliberate focus on the poor and marginalised people living in Southern Africa's most impoverished and remote regions, characterised by low rainfall, limited agricultural potential, and poor infrastructure and social services. However, these remote regions have latent opportunities for economic development and conservation of natural resources, particularly wildlife. this opportunity for wildlife-based development was noted by Murphree and his colleagues while they worked with the Department of national Parks and Wildlife Management.

Following the attainment of Zimbabwe's independence in 1980, race became sidelined in economic debates; access, management and benefit sharing of the country's natural resources took centre stage. Murphree and his colleagues spearheaded the wildlife proprietorship initiatives. the group's effort led to the creation of the world acclaimed Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (Campfire) programme in the mid-1980s. the programme, though encompassing other natural resources, was centred on wildlife in Communal Areas adjacent to national Parks and other protected areas. It was, and is still, based on the principles set by Murphree and his colleagues, notably Rowan Martin, who crafted the initial Campfire document. these principles centre on proprietorship of wildlife by communal people . . .

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