Cold War Broadcasting: Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: A Collection of Studies and Documents

Cold War Broadcasting: Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: A Collection of Studies and Documents

Cold War Broadcasting: Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: A Collection of Studies and Documents

Cold War Broadcasting: Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: A Collection of Studies and Documents

Excerpt

Part One of this book, “Goals of the Broadcasts,” reviews the origins and development of RFE and RL, and the complementary development of the Voice of America. These chapters were written by participants in the events described.

The subsequent sections were provided by an international group of scholars, drawing on once-closed East European and Soviet archives to analyze the impact of the broadcasts.

Part Two, “Jamming and Audiences,” reviews Soviet-bloc efforts to block RFE/RL's broadcasts with jamming. (Appendix A cites types of jamming, and Appendix B provides an example of a shortwave broadcasting station.) The Radios nevertheless had large listenerships, as is demonstrated in the chapters on Soviet and Polish audiences, based on external and once-secret internal polling data. (Appendix C presents East European and Soviet listener data; additional Soviet data are included in Chapter Five.)

Part Three examines the impact of the broadcasts in four East European countries. Part Four addresses their impact in the USSR. In Part Five, the editors suggest reasons for the impact of the broadcasts. Part Six contains translated documents from the Soviet and East European archives that help explain the impact of the broadcasts.

In Chapter One, Paul B. Henze, RFE deputy political advisor in the 1950s, outlines RFE's evolution in the 1950s from a sideshow of the Free Europe Committee, created to give East European exiles something constructive to do, into “surrogate radios”—substitute full-service national radio stations—for Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. Henze notes that RFE was jerry-built, like an airplane being constructed in flight; along the way it became not only an influential broadcaster but a primary source of information for all Western observ-

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