South Bronx Rising: The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of an American City

South Bronx Rising: The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of an American City

South Bronx Rising: The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of an American City

South Bronx Rising: The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of an American City

Synopsis

Jill Jonnes's recounting of the rise, fall, and resurrection of the Bronx has become a classic of urban history. In this new edition, she describes in a new final chapter the extraordinary and monumental rebuilding of the borough by the grass-roots groups that was just getting underway in 1984. The original book was hailed as a vivid history of the Bronx from its origins as colonial farmlands to the borough's 1980s status as one of the nation's foremost urban disasters. The book tells the colorful story of the Bronx, starting with its development as a New York suburb and boomtown when hundreds of thousands of German, Irish, Italians, and above all, Jewish immigrants flowed into the borough to raise their families. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, assisted by his powerful lieutenant, Boss Ed Flynn, built vast Democratic majorities in the polyglot Bronx into political domination of New York and the nation. After World War II, the Bronx underwent its second boom, beginning with emigrants from Puerto Rico and blacks displaced from Manhattan. On their heels came the camp followers of modern urban poverty: drug dealers, real estate pirates, arsonists. By the mid-1970s the Bronx was burning. Block after block, once given over to working- and middle-class family life, was now utterly destroyed, abandoned, given up on. The teeming, populous Bronx had turned into an American urban desert. This borough, which in its heyday had produced such notable Americans as Clifford Odets, Paddy Cheyefsky, Lauren Bacall, Herman Wouk, Jules Feiffer, Jake LaMotta, Stanley Kubrick, E. L. Doctorow, Neil Simon, and Tony Curtis, now lay in ashes, visible to us mainly as a dreadful object lesson. Yet change was in sight. Even while the worst destruction was taking place, new forces were rising to set aside or remake the tired machinery of government, allying such institutions as the Catholic Church, insurance companies, and dedicated non-profits to rally the Bronx and turn the tide of urban thinking. In her new final chapter, Dr. Jonnes describes the triumph of the grass-roots groups as they fulfilled their great dream of rebuilding these devastated neighborhoods.

Excerpt

by DANIEL PATRICK MOYNIHAN

NEW YORK is the richest city in the world; the richest city in the history of the world. It is also a city in which more than a third of the children now live below an official poverty line, and in which it is forecast that half the children now being born will be on welfare before reaching age eighteen.

Of the ten poorest congressional districts in the nation, four are to be found in New York City. One of these directly adjoins the richest congressional district in the nation, the "silk stocking" Fifteenth District of Manhattan's East Side. Directly to the north is the Eighteenth District of the South Bronx — in the words of the Almanac of American Politics, "the nation's most famous slum."

'Twas not ever thus. Oh, no. In the Great Depression of the 1930s, the Bronx was called "the city without a slum." It had the lowest unemployment rate of any of the five boroughs of New York, and, as reported by Lloyd Ultan, was during this period one of the few areas of the country that experienced privately financed residential construction.

The first European settler was a Swedish sea captain, Jonas Bronck, who was serving the Dutch, and in 1639 got the polyglot tradition of the borough going nicely by starting up a farm worked by Dutch, Danish, and German servants. A rural county was formed. Lewis Morris, one of the four signers of the Declaration of Independence from New York, tried to persuade Congress to set up the nation's capital there (in the area we now call Morrisania) but Thomas Jefferson prevailed and we went off to a swamp on the banks of the Potomac. After that not much happened until the subways —"Els," actually — arrived in the first decade of the present century.

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