World Order and New States: Problems of Keeping the Peace

World Order and New States: Problems of Keeping the Peace

World Order and New States: Problems of Keeping the Peace

World Order and New States: Problems of Keeping the Peace

Excerpt

One of the prime needs of an age of intersecting revolutions -- military, political, economic -- in which the problems of maintaining peace and international order inevitably become more complex, is to develop a means of communication between the expert and the thoughtful citizen. It is to this need that the Institute's series of studies is addressed. They are intended, not as major contributions of independent research, but rather to lay out the map of a particular problem in international security so that scholars and lay men alike may have a foundation on which to develop their own researches and conclusions.

We who are associated with the work of the Institute are particularly grateful to Peter Calvocoressi for undertaking, in the course of a busy life, this analysis of a problem that has hardly been explored at all -- the instability created by the rise of a great many new sovereign states at a time when the great powers have lost their old freedom of action against the spread of disorder, but before the new peace-keeping machinery of the United Nations has acquired either the capacity or the acceptance to serve instead. There were few precepts and precedents to guide him. The lucid, elegant, and sometimes eloquent statement of the problem in these pages is the result both of his own clear and balanced thought and of access to the experience of many different kinds of people, national and international Civil Servants, soldiers and police officials, politicians, travellers and writers.

This book represents Mr. Calvocoressi's own deductions from the evidence and the conclusions are, of course, his own. He was assisted by a study group which met regularly at the Institute during the first seven months of 1961 under my chairmanship. Its members were: General Sir Geoffrey Bourne; Andrew Boyd; Brian Crozier; Geoffrey Goodwin; Joseph Harsch (U.S.A.); Michael Howard; Charles Janson; James Lemkin; Malcolm Mackintosh . . .

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