The Theory and Practice of Third World Solidarity

The Theory and Practice of Third World Solidarity

The Theory and Practice of Third World Solidarity

The Theory and Practice of Third World Solidarity

Excerpt

The purpose of this study is to examine four generations of developing solidarity among Third World states. First, Afro-Asianism emerged in the 1950s as the Third World response to the racial hierarchy in the world system. Second, nonalignment evolved as a reaction by Third World leaders to the Cold War conflict and the bipolar power structure in the world system. Third, the East-West conflict was replaced by the North-South conflict as the most salient issue confronting the collectivity of states known as the Third World during the 1970s. The quest for a new international economic order (NIEO) became the raison t'he for Third World solidarity from the 1970s to the 1980s. Fourth, the South-to-South dialogue developed in the 1980s as an important catalyst for community building in the South during an epoch of global restructuring. Collective self-reliance in the South had the possibilities of generating into sub-imperialism within the Third World as the semiperiphery or the newly industrializing countries sought to carve out their own niches in the changing international division of labor. The world system is entering a new era of global apartheid as race consciousness increases in the North and the white world closes rank after the Cold War. This may be one of the consequences of the Gulf War of 1991.

Third World solidarity evolved first and foremost as an issue of race, then progressed to a shared determination to avoid Cold War alliances, and is now predicated on a mutual interest in terminating poverty and inequality. Between the years 1955 and 2000, Third World solidarity has matured from pan-pigmentationalism (solidarity based on race and geography) to pan-proletarianism (solidarity based on economic disadvantages). Pan-pigmentationalism is entering a second phase with the development of race consciousness in the North.

This book seeks to examine Third World solidarity and fragmentation within a broader context of global restructuring. Periodically, the world system . . .

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