Globalization and Reform in Higher Education

Globalization and Reform in Higher Education

Globalization and Reform in Higher Education

Globalization and Reform in Higher Education


As the ability of each higher education system to produce the highly-skilled citizens required in the twenty first century becomes crucial, governments are recognizing and responding to global, as well as local, economic and cultural changes. Moreover, as the effects of globalization spread, their impact upon individual governments and their higher education institutions are becoming steadily more apparent. This book charts the key issues that are involved in reforming higher education to meet new global challenges. It draws on a team of distinguished international researchers from North America, Africa, Australia and Europe who consider particular topics: the reform of governance and finance, the funding of higher education, managerialism, accreditation and quality assurance, the use of performance indicators, faculty roles and rewards, and the cultural, social and ethical dimensions of change. The concluding section consists of two case studies: the first is a detailed discussion of the Australian government's introduction of higher education reform; the second assesses the transformation of higher education in South Africa in the face of contemporary global and local change. Globalization and Reform in Higher Education enables readers to develop a firm grasp of the current state of play in higher education institutions worldwide, issues to be dealt with, and difficulties that have to be transcended. The book is essential reading for academics, senior managers, parliamentarians and civil servants involved in higher education policy-making. ContributorsRosemary Deem, Heather Eggins, Elaine El-Khawas, D. Bruce Johnstone, Mary-Louise Kearney, Adrianna Kezar, Elisabeth Lillie, Simon Marginson, Ann I. Morey, Preeti Shroff-Mehta, Barbara Sporn, George Subotzky and William Taylor.


It is a pleasure to write the Foreword to Globalization and Reform in Higher Education in my capacity as a Vice-President of the Society for Research into Higher Education. For many years, SRHE has been a close and dynamic collaborator of UNESCO in the field of higher education. For this reason, it seems fitting to situate these remarks in relation to UNESCO's current priorities in this domain.

Today, UNESCO's activities in higher education are located near the subprogramme entitled Building Learning Societies. Action is focused on promoting diversity and co-operation and on responding to the opportunities and challenges generated by globalization and its impact on education. However, this present vision has been shaped by the outcomes of the 1998 World Conference on Higher Education (WCHE). This book is timely because it coincides with the five-year evaluation of the WCHE convened by UNESCO in 2003, to address the rapid and far-reaching changes that have occurred in the intervening years as a result of accelerating globalization and its singularly complex impact on sustainable human development.

The WCHE constituted a worldwide debate on major issues facing the sector in the years ahead, namely access on merit, enhanced management of systems and institutions and closer links with the world of work. The debate was organized around four key areas requiring renovation and innovation: quality, management and financing, relevance and international co-operation. As these domains merit ongoing analysis, it is no surprise that they figure prominently in this new book since they remain cornerstones of sound higher education systems and institutions in every region of the world. However, the influence of globalization on these domains has resulted in a new set of challenges for which bold and creative solutions are required.

The WCHE links the past to the present for two reasons. Firstly, it flagged certain emerging issues that have now moved centre stage in the intervening half decade during which the world has entered the era of the 'Knowledge Society' and its critical component, the 'Knowledge Economy'. In this regard, higher education has become recognized as the catalyst for social . . .

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