Europe Unites: The Eu's Eastern Enlargement

Europe Unites: The Eu's Eastern Enlargement

Europe Unites: The Eu's Eastern Enlargement

Europe Unites: The Eu's Eastern Enlargement

Synopsis

The EU's eastern enlargement has coincided with a decade of rapid progress toward closer European integration. Poole argues that this enlargement, more than any previous one, is closely linked with major EU projects of integration, including justice and home affairs, monetary union, a common foreign and security policy, and the effort to create a constitutional treaty. By requiring the eastern states to adopt extensive reforms in their judicial and police systems, the enlargement process makes it easier for the EU to combat terrorism and organized crime and control the flow of immigration from outside Europe.

The monetary union was deliberately put in place before enlargement (which might have made the task more difficult), but now the Stability and Growth Pact requires reform to make it flexible enough to serve a larger, more diverse Union. The addition of ten new states provides one of the main incentives for drafting a constitutional treaty. Finally, the candidate countries are helping to lay the groundwork for the next EU enlargement into southeastern Europe. As the first college text to explore the impact of the eastern enlargement on European integration, this book can be used effectively in comparative government, economics, European history, and international relations courses.

Excerpt

The unification of Europe after a century of war and cold war marks a major change in the international system. Europe is regaining its influence in world affairs, and the eastern enlargement will leave its imprint on all the important social, economic, and political changes that are taking place there.

One of the main themes of this book is that enlargement influences and encourages the process of regional integration in Europe. Fortunately, I have had some opportunities to witness this process, while serving in American embassies abroad and as a teacher of international relations at the Naval War College and Old Dominion University. This is an attempt to analyze and describe how the eastern enlargement is changing and will change Europe. And, of course, the greatest changes are taking place in the eastern states themselves.

I am grateful to Desmond Dinan for encouraging my interest in this subject both personally and through his books and articles, which helped fill large gaps in my knowledge of the EU. Other writers whose books have helped me understand how enlargement and integration fit together include Michael Baun, Heather Grabbe, John Redmond, Christopher Preston, Glenda Rosenthal, and Helen and William Wallace. In one of her articles, Glenda Rosenthal provided a timely reminder that the eastern enlargement needed to be seen from the accession countries' perspective.

For background purposes, I have been privileged to interview officials of the accession states, EU member states, the European Commission, and Americans specializing in European affairs. For taking time to share their insights, I want to thank Karen and Niels Abrahamsen, Ivo Daalder . . .

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