Encyclopedia of Aging (A-K) - Vol. 1

Encyclopedia of Aging (A-K) - Vol. 1

Encyclopedia of Aging (A-K) - Vol. 1

Encyclopedia of Aging (A-K) - Vol. 1



Since its inception in 1987, The Encyclopedia of Aging has proven to be the definitive resource for scholars and students across the burgeoning and increasingly interdisciplinary fields of gerontology and geriatrics. Like its three esteemed predecessors, the fourth edition contains concise, readable explorations of hundreds of terms, concepts, and issues related to the lives of older adults, as well as timely coverage of the many new programs and services for the elderly.

Updated, under the distinguished stewardship of editor-in-chief Richard Schulz to reflect the infusion of new information across the scientific disciplines, this new edition brings readers up-to-the-moment significant advances in biology, physiology, genetics, medicine, psychology, nursing, social services, sociology, economics, technology, and political science.

While retaining the format and standard of excellence that marked the first three editions, the fourth edition encompasses a wealth of new information from the social and health sciences. It contains the most current bibliography of an expanding literature, an exhaustive index, and extensive cross references. This much anticipated update of the field's most authoritative resource will take its place as an indispensable reference for specialists and non-specialists across a broad range of disciplines that now comprise the field of aging.



The Fourth Edition of the Encyclopedia of Aging marks the 20th anniversary of what has become the authoritative, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary introduction to gerontology and geriatrics. Originally proposed by Ursula Springer, PhD, and edited by George L. Maddox, PhD, the Encyclopedia serves as the gateway to the world of aging and the aged. The vision and hard work of these pioneers have established the Encyclopedia as a leading resource in the field. With the Fourth Edition of the Encyclopedia, we hope to continue this tradition by providing the most up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to gerontology and geriatrics currently available.

Knowledge about adult development and aging is advancing at an incredibly rapid pace. This is particularly true in the medical, biological, and social sciences, where new information becomes available almost daily. Keeping abreast of new developments in multiple disciplines requires expertise that far exceeds the capabilities of any one individual. Thus, the team of associate editors assembled for this project represents cutting edge expertise in biology (Richard Sprott), medicine and health (Ken Rockwood), and sociology (Linda Noelker). Advances in psychological aspects of aging were covered by the editor-in-chief. Together we commissioned, reviewed, and edited well more than 400 entries, and while previous editions of the Encyclopedia provided a firm foundation for this one, almost every entry has been updated and many new ones have been added. As with previous editions, our goal has been to explain complex issues in plain English that can be understood by educated laypersons.

The structure of the Encyclopedia remains the same. A comprehensive index is provided in both volumes, and extensive cross-referencing within the text provides readers with links among entries, enabling a comprehensive, in-depth view of topics. Sheri W. Sussman, the veteran Managing Editor of previous editions of the Encyclopedia, and her assistant, Alana Stein, provided the logistic support, guidance, and encouragement to keep this project on track. My able assistant at the University of Pittsburgh, Anna Aivaliotis, stepped in when needed to solve emerging problems and more importantly keep me on track throughout this project.

Of course, the most essential ingredients to the success of this volume are the several hundred authors who contributed their expertise to write the entries for this edition. The quality of their work is outstanding. Without them, this Encyclopedia would not be possible.



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