Nursing Theories: Conceptual and Philosophical Foundations

Nursing Theories: Conceptual and Philosophical Foundations

Nursing Theories: Conceptual and Philosophical Foundations

Nursing Theories: Conceptual and Philosophical Foundations

Synopsis

This second edition is the perfect companion to original theoretical works in nursing for a better understanding of both the theories themselves and the essential questions about nursing theory development. Rather than being a nursing theory survey, the text provides the reader with a deeper understanding of nursing theories through examining them in their conceptual and philosophical contexts. This is a work of international collaboration, with distinguished nurse scholars from the United States, Germany, and Norway, organized around major themes in nursing and health care into which information on specific nursing theories is integrated. It is designed for advanced nursing students, educators, and others interested in nursing theory and concepts.

Excerpt

Nursing's theoretical knowledge has a rich heritage in its development, dating back to the writings of Florence Nightingale and emanating from the work of many nursing scholars of the past three decades. Although there is a continuing debate about whether nursing theories, as they exist, are mature enough or rigorously developed, nursing theories, large and small, have become the cornerstone for understanding and guiding nursing practice in the current decade. However, there are many questions about nursing theories and their contents that trouble students of nursing, whether they are undergraduate or graduate students or practicing nurses.

One of the major difficulties voiced by many is related to the presence of numerous nursing theories, all of which claim to have answers to nursing questions and to provide guidance to nursing practice. Although nursing theories in general are presented with the supposition that they are oriented to describe and explain nursing's concern, each is based on assumptions, philosophies, values, perspectives, and scope that are unique. Different foundational ideas, both conceptual and philosophical, orient nursing theories to describe and explain the phenomena of concern to nursing in diverse ways. Though nursing theories in general are not presented with coherence among the theories' components, precision in conceptualization, and logic in structure, it is not too difficult to extract the theories' perspectives and assumptions that enlighten us about their orientations regarding how nursing . . .

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